Report
Effective Parenting Interventions To Reduce Youth Substance Use

Author
Michele L. Allen, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Carolyn Porta, Dorothy Curran, Roma Patel, Jonathan Miller, Iris Borowsky
Citation
Effective Parenting Interventions to Reduce Youth Substance Use: A Systematic Review Michele L. Allen, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Carolyn Porta, Dorothy Curran, Roma Patel, Jonathan Miller, Iris Borowsky Pediatrics Jul 2016, e20154425; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-4425
  • Source
    Pediatrics
  • Release date
    01/07/2016

Effective Parenting Interventions to Reduce Youth Substance Use: A Systematic Review

Abstract

Context

Parenting interventions may prevent adolescent substance use; however, questions remain regarding the effectiveness of interventions across substances and delivery qualities contributing to successful intervention outcomes.

Objective

To describe the effectiveness of parent-focused interventions in reducing or preventing adolescent tobacco, alcohol, and illicit substance use and to identify optimal intervention targeted participants, dosage, settings, and delivery methods.

Results

A total of 42 studies represented by 66 articles met inclusion criteria. Results indicate that parenting interventions are effective at preventing and decreasing adolescent tobacco, alcohol, and illicit substance use over the short and long term.

The majority of effective interventions required ≤12 contact hours and were implemented through in-person sessions including parents and youth. Evidence for computer-based delivery was strong only for alcohol use prevention.

Few interventions were delivered outside of school or home settings.

Limitations

Overall risk of bias is high.

Conclusions

This review suggests that relatively low-intensity group parenting interventions are effective at reducing or preventing adolescent substance use and that protection may persist for multiple years. There is a need for additional evidence in clinical and other community settings using an expanded set of delivery methods.

Source Website: Pediatrics