Science Feed

This page is a hub for the latest scientific reports, articles and publications allowing you to keep track of the most recent developments and brand new findings concerning alcohol harm, alcohol policy and the tactics of the alcohol industry.

Scroll down to find highly relevant, latest research.

 


8Sep2017
Can Public Health Reconcile Profits And Pandemics?

Public health’s terms of engagement with unhealthy commodity industries (alcohol, tobacco and ultra-processed food and drinks) have become increasingly contested in policy and research. The researchers sought to identify approaches that could attract consensus support within and across policy domains...

8Sep2017
How Big Alcohol Misleads Public About Alcohol And Cancer

The alcohol industry appears to be engaged in the extensive misrepresentation of evidence about the alcohol-related risk of cancer. These activities have parallels with those of the tobacco industry. This finding is important because the industry is involved in developing alcohol policy in many countries, and in disseminating health information to the public, including schoolchildren. Policymakers, academics, public health and other practitioners should reconsider the appropriateness of their relationships to these alcohol industry bodies...

1Sep2017
Government Role In Cancer Prevention

When discussing healthy habits, phrases such as individual choice or personal responsibility are often a focus. Tobacco, alcohol, and food manufacturers use marketing to promote use of their products and create an environment of consumption. This Series paper gives examples of many agencies and departments of governments that use advertising, social marketing, education, regulation, and law to create an environment more conducive to people making healthy choices and adopting healthy habits...

28Aug2017
Exercise In The Treatment Of Alcohol Use Disorders

Physical exercise is widely regarded as “medicine” for the prevention and treatment of myriad somatic health conditions. Studies also demonstrate that exercise is effective in the treatment of common mental disorders and has a role in the treatment of serious mental illness...

25Aug2017
Maternal Substance Use During Pregnancy And Offspring Conduct Problems

The researchers' meta-analyses support an association between smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy, and offspring conduct problems, yet do not resolve causality issues given potential confounding by genetic factors, gene-environment interactions, and comorbidity such as with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders...

22Aug2017
Suicide Among Women Who Give Birth To Children With FASD

Women who give birth to children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may be at increased risk for suicide; however, there are few data in this area. The objective of this study was to compare rates of suicide between women who had given birth to children with FASD and women who had not given birth to children with FASD during critical periods in their lives, including before pregnancy, during pregnancy, during the postpartum period (maternal death) and until the end of the study period...

21Aug2017
Preventing NCDs With Integrated, Life-Cycle Approach In Maternal And Child Health Services

Maternal and child health service programmes across the reproductive health life-cycle are strongly positioned to play an important role in NCD prevention given early life influences on NCD risks and outcomes. Many non-health sectors can impact NCD risk, and the SDG’s emphasis on multisectorality supports the consideration of NCD risk reduction in many different sectoral programmes...

19Aug2017
Linkages Between Initiation Of Alcohol Use And Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents

The Researchers examined associations between timing of first alcohol use and first sexual intercourse in adolescent males and potential differences in observed associations between males and females. Results highlight age at first alcohol use as an important predictor of sexual onset in male as well as female adolescents and suggest that effective prevention efforts focusing on delay of sexual intercourse might also focus on delay on alcohol use...

18Aug2017
New Tool: Social Determinants Of Health Visualization

The Social Determinants of Health visualization tool allows you to explore the relationships between determinants of health and health indicators across countries, for instance alcohol use disorders, DALYs and lagged distributed income...

16Aug2017
Concurrent Mental And Substance Use Disorders In Canada

The findings suggest that the complexity of concurrent disorders contributes to poorer psychological health outcomes and higher health service use, compared with having only a mood/anxiety disorder or a substance use disorder...

14Aug2017
Is Alcohol Consumption Contagious?

The contagion effect regarding alcohol use behavior calls for a focus on environmental prevention efforts. By decreasing the public acceptance of (adolescent) alcohol use, the average proportion of problematic adolescent alcohol users in European countries may be reduced...

10Aug2017
Shocking Alcohol Use Disorders Increases In United States

Substantial increases in alcohol use, high-risk alcohol intake, and DSM-IV alcohol use disorder constitute a public health crisis and portend increases in chronic disease comorbidities in the United States, especially among women, older adults, racial/ethnic minorities, and the socioeconomically disadvantaged...

7Aug2017
South Korea: Biking Under Alcohol Influence

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of BUI and the associated risk factors in a representative Korean population. In conclusion, the prevalence of BUI was 12.1% and several associated risk factors for BUI were elucidated in this study. The development of specific preventive strategies and educational programs aimed at deterring individuals at a high risk of engaging in BUI is expected to reduce the number of alcohol-related bicycle injuries...

2Aug2017
Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences And Health

To have multiple ACEs is a major risk factor for many health conditions. The outcomes most strongly associated with multiple ACEs represent ACE risks for the next generation (eg, violence, mental illness, and substance use). To sustain improvements in public health requires a shift in focus to include prevention of ACEs, resilience building, and ACE-informed service provision. The Sustainable Development Goals provide a global platform to reduce ACEs and their life-course effect on health...

26Jul2017
Policy Coherence To Achieve The SDGs

Coherently addressing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals requires planning tools that guide policy makers. Given the integrative nature of the SDGs, we believe that integrative modelling techniques are especially useful for this purpose. Research on the attainment of multiple SDGs is growing, but without structured systems understanding there is a risk of repeating the silo approach seen in the implementation of the millennium development goals...

24Jul2017
Hepatologists Analyze Financial Case For Tackling Liver Disease

Through this paper, the Foundation for Liver Research seeks to make the financial case for public health action in these areas and urges the implementation of targeted measures recommended by the independent Lancet Commission on Liver Disease. This paper summarises the escalating financial costs to the health and care system as well as the wider societal costs related to the three lifestyle-related risk factors...

18Jul2017
Every Woman Every Child Progress Report: Progress In Partnership

The first Progress Report on the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, “Progress in Partnership,” was launched on Tuesday, 18 July, in the margins of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF)...

13Jul2017
Regular Pub Binge Alcohol Users Are More Likely To Be Violent

People who admit to regularly binge using alcohol at the pub are more prone to have acted violently in the past 12 months, according to the new research. The findings raise questions about what strategies can be used to reduce alcohol-related violence and suggest promise for measures to modify alcohol pricing and taxation as well as restrictions on pub licenses...

10Jul2017
5 Typologies Of Alcohol, Other Drug Prevention Programs

Adolescents exhibit a high rate of use of alcohol and illicit drugs. Effect studies rarely describe the actual content of the interventions in detail. Less is known about what was actually done in the prevention than about their effects. Only four studies that employed any form of targeting or profiling of the subjects prior to the delivery of the prevention intervention or initiative were identified. The skewness towards primary prevention skill-training approaches should be addressed, given the diverse consumption patterns among adolescents...

20Jun2017
Reframing NCDs As Socially Transmitted Conditions

In a Comment (February, 2017), the researchers argued that action on the conditions currently referred to as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) may be hampered by the inadequacy of their label. The researchers received a remarkable amount of feedback on this suggestion, and in this Comment they synthesise the responses garnered from a Lancet Facebook poll, Correspondence letters, and a related GHD Online discussion. The researchers also propose a new definition based on shared social drivers...

20Jun2017
Innovative Financing Instruments For Global Health

Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. The researchers examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs) - financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds - to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015...

16Jun2017
Healthy People And Healthy Profits? Elaborating Conceptual Framework For Governing Commercial Determinants Of NCDs

The problems inherent in primary prevention of NCDs have received relatively little attention from international organizations, national governments and civil society; governing determinants of risk frequently brings public health into conflict with the interests of profit-driven food, beverage, alcohol and tobacco industries. In this paper, the researchers argue that mechanisms to control the commercial determinants of NCDs are inadequate and efforts at remedial action too limited. The paper sets out an agenda to strengthen each of the three governance models. The researchers identify reforms that will be needed to the global health architecture to govern NCD risks, including to strengthen its ability to consolidate the collective power of diverse stakeholders, its authority to develop and enforce clear measures to address risks, as well as establish monitoring and rights-based accountability systems across all actors to drive measurable, equitable and sustainable progress in reducing the global burden of NCDs...

15Jun2017
Alcohol Advertising And Public Health: Systems Perspectives Versus Narrow Perspectives

The marketing and advertising of alcoholic products contributes to an ‘alcogenic environment’ and is a modifiable influence on alcohol consumption and harm. Advertising aims to influence not just consumption, but also to influence awareness, attitudes and social norms; this is because advertising is a system-level intervention with multiple objectives. The researchers conclude that an unintended consequence of narrow, linear framings of complex system-level issues is that they can produce misleading answers. Systems problems require systems perspectives...

1Jun2017
Alcohol Misuse and Self-Harm: Opportunity For Early Intervention

Both alcohol-related and self-harm-related hospital presentations place substantial demands on frontline clinical services. Every year, in England, there are over 200.000 emergency department attendances after self-harm, and over 1 million alcohol-related hospital admissions.

27May2017
Student Friendships Influence Alcohol Consumption

Freshmen might spend alcohol consumption time with peers who reciprocate a friendship, but are similar regarding the quantity of alcohol consumed to all people they find interesting. Thus, alcohol consumption is used strategically for social purposes. This social purpose should also be acknowledged in alcohol-reduction interventions...

10May2017
Socioeconomic Status Affects Alcohol Harm

Low socioeconomic status was associated consistently with strikingly raised alcohol-attributable harms, including after adjustment for weekly consumption, binge alcohol use, BMI, and smoking...

4Apr2017
Social Support Influences On Substance Abuse Outcomes

Social support variables predicted substance abuse outcomes for persons with low and moderate psychiatric severity. However, they were the strongest and most consistent predictors for the low severity group...

23Mar2017
Implementation Of Key FCTC Measures And Smoking Prevalence In 126 Countries

Implementation of key WHO FCTC demand-reduction measures is significantly associated with lower smoking prevalence, with anticipated future reductions in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. These findings validate the call for strong implementation of the WHO FCTC in the WHO’s Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases 2013–2020, and in advancing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 3, setting a global target of reducing tobacco use and premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by a third by 2030...

23Mar2017
The WHO FCTC, Tobacco Control Policies And Reduction In Smoking Prevalence

Given the public health significance of tobacco use and the potential of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the world's first global health treaty, to diminish its toll, it is important to understand the treaty's impacts and to learn how to accelerate adoption of effective policy interventions...

21Mar2017
Designing Alcohol Taxes: Evidence From The UK Market

This column argues that variation in preferences for different products and in price responsiveness across heavy and light alcohol users provides scope to improve welfare by varying tax rates across alcohol products. The proposed framework is well suited to addressing other sources of external costs, such as obesity...

21Mar2017
Assessment Effects On Alcohol Use By Persons With HIV In Rural Uganda

The researchers found no evidence of assessment reactivity in a study that included quarterly study visits. Assessment is not sufficient to act as an intervention itself in this population with high levels alcohol consumption. Interventions are needed to decrease alcohol consumption in this population...

21Mar2017
Review Of State Laws Restricting Local Authority To Impose Alcohol Taxes

The number and severity of restrictions on local authority to tax alcohol vary across states. Previous research has shown that increases in alcohol taxes can lead to reduced excessive alcohol consumption, which provides public health and economic benefits. Taxes can also provide funds to support local prevention and treatment services. Local alcohol taxes therefore present an important policy opportunity, both in states that restrict local authority and in states where local authority exists but is underused...

21Mar2017
Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks And Risk Of Injury

There is significant need for further examination of the role of AmED use in the risk of injury. A better understanding of the relationship between AmED use and injury and of the potential underlying mechanisms is crucial for informing effective preventive intervention strategies. This review can be used to inform the public and health practitioners of the risks associated with AmED use. Further, translating this knowledge to policy makers could inform regulations on the availability of AmED, with the goal of reducing injury-related outcomes...

21Mar2017
Alcohol Industry Sponsorship Of University Student Sports Clubs In Brazil

Most university student sports clubs in São Paulo, Brazil, have formalized contracts with the alcohol industry that promote the marketing, sale, and consumption of alcohol at parties and university games. A critical review of the impacts of these practices and university policies on alcohol industry sponsorship that can take account of the role of such arrangements in student alcohol consumption is warranted...

21Mar2017
Harms To Children Because Of Others’ Alcohol Use

Family-level alcohol use patterns were consistently identified as correlates of harm to children because of others’ alcohol consumption, whereas sociodemographic factors showed few obvious correlations...

27Feb2017
Binge Alcohol Use Among Young Brazilians And Alcohol Promotion

Among the general population, binge alcohol use is associated with higher occurrences of sexual abuse, suicide attempts, unprotected sex, unwanted pregnancy, acute myocardial infarction, alcohol overdose, falls, gastritis and pancreatitis...

24Feb2017
25‐Year Alcohol Consumption Trajectories And Their Association With Arterial Aging

This work demonstrates that consistently heavy alcohol consumption is associated with higher cardiovascular risk, especially among males, and also provides new insights into the potential impact of changes in alcohol intake levels over time. It discusses the additional insights possible when capturing longitudinal consumption patterns in lieu of reliance on recent intake...

15Feb2017
The Next Pandemic? NCDs In Developing Countries

The evidence shows that, in absolute terms, this burden increased by nearly 30% between 2000 and 2015 and impacts people at a younger age than in wealthier countries, exacerbating social and economic costs. Cardiovascular disease is the main contributor to the increase...

13Feb2017
Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care

Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care - Alcohol and drug problems among young people – Substitution treatment – Alcohol problems in somatic care...

11Feb2017
Big Alcohol Looks To Boost Sales In Africa

Alcohol manufacturers are setting their sights on the growing African market to increase sales of their products, often using aggressive advertising tactics to lure new consumers. Chris McCall reports for The Lancet...

31Jan2017
Prevention And Intervention For FASD In Poland

Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Poland Abstract The aims of this study are to analyze previous activities undertaken in Poland in the field of prevention and intervention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and to identify the main directions of development of this issue for the future. The conducted review of studies, positions, and... Read more »

30Jan2017
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Case Study

This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual’s history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary...

26Jan2017
Big Alcohol Lobbying Against Marketing Regulations Analyzed

In this study the researchers used thematic analysis to examine submissions from the Australian alcohol industry, based on a system previously developed in relation to tobacco industry corporate political activity. The results show that submissions were a direct lobbying tactic, making claims to government that were contrary to the evidence-base...

19Jan2017
Binge Alcohol Use May Quickly Damage Liver

Alcohol consumed during just seven weeks of intermittent binge consumption harms the liver in ways that more moderate daily alcohol use does not, according to researchers at UC San Francisco...

15Jan2017
Health In India 2017

Two randomised controlled trials from Goa, India, in today's Lancet assess brief psychological treatment delivered by lay counsellors in primary care for depression (the Healthy Activity Program; HAP) and for harmful alcohol use (Counselling for Alcohol Problems; CAP). Although WHO recommends psychological interventions for mental health disorders, evidence comes largely from high-income countries. These trials from the Program for Effective Mental health Interventions in Under-resourced health systeMs (PREMIUM), show feasibility, outcomes, and cost in a developing country...

13Jan2017
Current State Of Evidence: Health Effects Of Cannabis

This report provides a research agenda—outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issues—that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs...

13Jan2017
Global Toll Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis...

10Jan2017
The Regulation of Alcohol Marketing: From Research to Public Health Policy

Key findings from the collection of peer-reviewed manuscripts include: 1) Exposure to alcohol marketing is associated with youth alcohol consumption 2) Analysis of alcohol promotion during the 2014 FIFA World Cup indicates alcohol marketing practices frequently appeared to breach industry voluntary codes of practice’ 3) Alcohol industry self-regulatory codes do not sufficiently protect children and adolescents from exposure to alcohol promotions, especially through social media. The Addiction supplement comprises 14 papers, with research presented from around the world...

2Jan2017
Alcohol And Heart Disease

Understanding the relationship between alcohol abuse, a common and theoretically modifiable condition, and the most common cause of death in the world, cardiovascular disease, may inform potential prevention strategies...

21Dec2016
Healing Physicians

Lisa J. Merlo writes of “conspiracy of silence” among physicians that keep those suffering from addiction hidden - which leads worsening the disease and inhibits physicians in recovery from sharing their stories...

14Dec2016
US: Death Rate From Alcohol Disorders Nearly Triples Since 1980

Novel study examines mortality in over 3,100 US counties, revealing substantial geographic differences among many causes of death. The death rate from alcohol, other drugs, and mental disorders nearly triples since 1980More than 2,000 US counties witnessed increases of 200% or more in the death rates related to use of harmful substances and mental disorders since 1980...

9Dec2016
Youth Alcohol Use Alters Brain Development

New study shows, alcohol use alters brain development in adolescents Adolescents are in the period of transition where changes in physical, intellectual, personality and social development are seen. During this stage of development, consuming alcohol in large quantities alters the development of the brain in adolescents...

6Dec2016
The Commercial Determinants Of Health

WHO Director-General Margaret Chan has noted that “efforts to prevent non-communicable diseases go against the business interests of powerful economic operators”.1 Selling processed food and drink, alcohol, and tobacco is big business and demand is booming, especially in low-income and middle-income countries...

4Dec2016
Cancer Toll Grows In LMICs As New Cases Increase Globally

New Global Burden of Disease study urges increased prevention efforts and vigilance in early detection and treatment. The Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration has published online a new study in the journal JAMA Oncol...

2Dec2016
Alcohol Use Linked To Increased Skin Cancer Risk

The study adds melanoma to the list of cancers associated with alcohol. Alcohol intake was associated with a modest increase in the risk of melanoma, particularly in UV-protected sites. These findings further support American Cancer Society Guidelines for Cancer Prevention to limit alcohol intake...

28Nov2016
Analyzed: Alcohol’s Links To Cancer, Cardioprotection

Misclassification of former and occasional drinkers as abstainers is widespread in alcohol epidemiology. This practice leads to a systematic underestimation of health risks from alcohol use (e.g. for cancer) and overestimation of health benefits...

25Sep2016
Alcohol Is An Obstacle To Sustainable Development

The inclusion of a focus on alcohol consumption within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) illustrates the increased diversity of the new global development agenda. Recognition of alcohol as a development issue reflects its multiple social and economic impacts as well as the 3·3 million annual deaths, or 5·9% of all global deaths, that result from its consumption. SDG 3.5 aims to “strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol”...

22Sep2016
What The InBev Merger Means For Health In Africa

The merger between the world's two largest beer producers—AB InBev and SABMiller—has potentially far-reaching consequences for health in Africa. The deal, announced in November 2015 and agreed by the European Commission on 24th May, will result in this new conglomerate having a dominant position in the global beer market...

31Aug2016
Information Technology And Lifestyle

Information technology and lifestyle: a systematic evaluation of Internet and mobile interventions for improving diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco, and alcohol use Novel interventions are needed to improve lifestyle and prevent NCDs, the leading cause of death and disability globally. This study aimed to systematically review, synthesize, and grade scientific evidence on the effectiveness of novel... Read more »

3Aug2016
Opioid And Heroin Use Among Adolescents Doing Sports

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid and Heroin Use Among Adolescents Who Engage in Sports and Exercise Daily participation in sports and exercise may serve as a protective factor with respect to NPOU and heroin use...

22Jul2016
Alcohol Consumption As A Cause Of Cancer

There is strong evidence that alcohol causes cancer at seven sites in the body and probably others. Current estimates suggest that alcohol-attributable cancers at these sites make up 5.8% of all cancer deaths worldwide. Confirmation of specific biological mechanisms by which alcohol increases the incidence of each type of cancer is not required to infer that alcohol is a cause...

4Jul2016
Effective Parenting Interventions To Reduce Youth Substance Use

This review suggests that relatively low-intensity group parenting interventions are effective at reducing or preventing adolescent substance use and that protection may persist for multiple years. There is a need for additional evidence in clinical and other community settings using an expanded set of delivery methods...

18May2016
China-India Mental Health Alliance Series

China and India, which together contain 37% of the world’s population, are both undergoing rapid social change. Therefore understanding the burden attributed to mental, neurological, and substance use disorders within these two countries is essential...

22Mar2016
Comparison Of Big Tobacco And Big Alcohol

This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue. Despite some important differences, the extensive similarities which exist between the tobacco and alcohol industries in terms of market structure and strategy, and political strategy, call into question the rationale for both the relatively weak regulatory approach taken towards alcohol, and the continued participation of alcohol corporations in policy-making processes...

22Mar2016
Reassessing Policy Paradigms: Comparison Of Global Tobacco, Alcohol Industries

In contrast to tobacco, alcohol is subject to less stringent forms of regulation, and the alcohol industry continues to play a central role in policy-making in many countries and at the global level. This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue...

24Nov2015
Key Flaws In EU Proposals For TTIP Foreign Investor Protection

In November 2015, the European Commission released a proposed text on foreign investor protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). In this paper, the researcher outlines key flaws in this proposal, including language buried in the text that significantly undermines the EC's proposed provisions on the investment court system (ICS) and on the right to regulate...

18Sep2014
Liver Cirrhosis Mortality In 187 Countries Between 1980 And 2010

Liver cirrhosis is a significant cause of global health burden, with more than one million deaths in 2010. The study identifies areas with high and/or rapidly increasing mortality where preventive measures to control and reduce liver cirrhosis risk factors should be urgently strengthened...

27Jun2012
Manufacturing Epidemics: Role Of Global Producers In Increased Consumption Of Unhealthy Commodities

The rate of increase in consumption of “unhealthy commodities” is fastest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with little or no further growth expected in high-income countries (HICs). Multinational companies have now achieved a level of penetration of food markets in middle-income countries similar to what they have achieved in HICs. Higher intake of unhealthy foods correlates strongly with higher tobacco and alcohol sales, suggesting a set of common tactics by industries producing unhealthy commodities...