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This page is a hub for the latest scientific reports, articles and publications allowing you to keep track of the most recent developments and brand new findings concerning alcohol harm, alcohol policy and the tactics of the alcohol industry.

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Reframing NCDs As Socially Transmitted Conditions

In a Comment (February, 2017), the researchers argued that action on the conditions currently referred to as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) may be hampered by the inadequacy of their label. The researchers received a remarkable amount of feedback on this suggestion, and in this Comment they synthesise the responses garnered from a Lancet Facebook poll, Correspondence letters, and a related GHD Online discussion. The researchers also propose a new definition based on shared social drivers...

Innovative Financing Instruments For Global Health

Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. The researchers examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs) - financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds - to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015...

Healthy People And Healthy Profits? Elaborating Conceptual Framework For Governing Commercial Determinants Of NCDs

The problems inherent in primary prevention of NCDs have received relatively little attention from international organizations, national governments and civil society; governing determinants of risk frequently brings public health into conflict with the interests of profit-driven food, beverage, alcohol and tobacco industries. In this paper, the researchers argue that mechanisms to control the commercial determinants of NCDs are inadequate and efforts at remedial action too limited. The paper sets out an agenda to strengthen each of the three governance models. The researchers identify reforms that will be needed to the global health architecture to govern NCD risks, including to strengthen its ability to consolidate the collective power of diverse stakeholders, its authority to develop and enforce clear measures to address risks, as well as establish monitoring and rights-based accountability systems across all actors to drive measurable, equitable and sustainable progress in reducing the global burden of NCDs...

Alcohol Advertising And Public Health: Systems Perspectives Versus Narrow Perspectives

The marketing and advertising of alcoholic products contributes to an ‘alcogenic environment’ and is a modifiable influence on alcohol consumption and harm. Advertising aims to influence not just consumption, but also to influence awareness, attitudes and social norms; this is because advertising is a system-level intervention with multiple objectives. The researchers conclude that an unintended consequence of narrow, linear framings of complex system-level issues is that they can produce misleading answers. Systems problems require systems perspectives...

Alcohol Misuse and Self-Harm: Opportunity For Early Intervention

Both alcohol-related and self-harm-related hospital presentations place substantial demands on frontline clinical services. Every year, in England, there are over 200.000 emergency department attendances after self-harm, and over 1 million alcohol-related hospital admissions.

Implementation Of Key FCTC Measures And Smoking Prevalence In 126 Countries

Implementation of key WHO FCTC demand-reduction measures is significantly associated with lower smoking prevalence, with anticipated future reductions in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. These findings validate the call for strong implementation of the WHO FCTC in the WHO’s Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases 2013–2020, and in advancing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 3, setting a global target of reducing tobacco use and premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by a third by 2030...

The WHO FCTC, Tobacco Control Policies And Reduction In Smoking Prevalence

Given the public health significance of tobacco use and the potential of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the world's first global health treaty, to diminish its toll, it is important to understand the treaty's impacts and to learn how to accelerate adoption of effective policy interventions...

Designing Alcohol Taxes: Evidence From The UK Market

This column argues that variation in preferences for different products and in price responsiveness across heavy and light alcohol users provides scope to improve welfare by varying tax rates across alcohol products. The proposed framework is well suited to addressing other sources of external costs, such as obesity...

25‐Year Alcohol Consumption Trajectories And Their Association With Arterial Aging

This work demonstrates that consistently heavy alcohol consumption is associated with higher cardiovascular risk, especially among males, and also provides new insights into the potential impact of changes in alcohol intake levels over time. It discusses the additional insights possible when capturing longitudinal consumption patterns in lieu of reliance on recent intake...

The Next Pandemic? NCDs In Developing Countries

The evidence shows that, in absolute terms, this burden increased by nearly 30% between 2000 and 2015 and impacts people at a younger age than in wealthier countries, exacerbating social and economic costs. Cardiovascular disease is the main contributor to the increase...

Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care

Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care - Alcohol and drug problems among young people – Substitution treatment – Alcohol problems in somatic care...

Big Alcohol Looks To Boost Sales In Africa

Alcohol manufacturers are setting their sights on the growing African market to increase sales of their products, often using aggressive advertising tactics to lure new consumers. Chris McCall reports for The Lancet...

Prevention And Intervention For FASD In Poland

Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Poland Abstract The aims of this study are to analyze previous activities undertaken in Poland in the field of prevention and intervention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and to identify the main directions of development of this issue for the future. The conducted review of studies, positions, and... Read more »

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Case Study

This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual’s history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary...

Big Alcohol Lobbying Against Marketing Regulations Analyzed

In this study the researchers used thematic analysis to examine submissions from the Australian alcohol industry, based on a system previously developed in relation to tobacco industry corporate political activity. The results show that submissions were a direct lobbying tactic, making claims to government that were contrary to the evidence-base...

Binge Alcohol Use May Quickly Damage Liver

Alcohol consumed during just seven weeks of intermittent binge consumption harms the liver in ways that more moderate daily alcohol use does not, according to researchers at UC San Francisco...

Health In India 2017

Two randomised controlled trials from Goa, India, in today's Lancet assess brief psychological treatment delivered by lay counsellors in primary care for depression (the Healthy Activity Program; HAP) and for harmful alcohol use (Counselling for Alcohol Problems; CAP). Although WHO recommends psychological interventions for mental health disorders, evidence comes largely from high-income countries. These trials from the Program for Effective Mental health Interventions in Under-resourced health systeMs (PREMIUM), show feasibility, outcomes, and cost in a developing country...

Global Toll Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis...

The Regulation of Alcohol Marketing: From Research to Public Health Policy

Key findings from the collection of peer-reviewed manuscripts include: 1) Exposure to alcohol marketing is associated with youth alcohol consumption 2) Analysis of alcohol promotion during the 2014 FIFA World Cup indicates alcohol marketing practices frequently appeared to breach industry voluntary codes of practice’ 3) Alcohol industry self-regulatory codes do not sufficiently protect children and adolescents from exposure to alcohol promotions, especially through social media. The Addiction supplement comprises 14 papers, with research presented from around the world...

Alcohol And Heart Disease

Understanding the relationship between alcohol abuse, a common and theoretically modifiable condition, and the most common cause of death in the world, cardiovascular disease, may inform potential prevention strategies...

Healing Physicians

Lisa J. Merlo writes of “conspiracy of silence” among physicians that keep those suffering from addiction hidden - which leads worsening the disease and inhibits physicians in recovery from sharing their stories...

US: Death Rate From Alcohol Disorders Nearly Triples Since 1980

Novel study examines mortality in over 3,100 US counties, revealing substantial geographic differences among many causes of death. The death rate from alcohol, other drugs, and mental disorders nearly triples since 1980More than 2,000 US counties witnessed increases of 200% or more in the death rates related to use of harmful substances and mental disorders since 1980...

Youth Alcohol Use Alters Brain Development

New study shows, alcohol use alters brain development in adolescents Adolescents are in the period of transition where changes in physical, intellectual, personality and social development are seen. During this stage of development, consuming alcohol in large quantities alters the development of the brain in adolescents...

The Commercial Determinants Of Health

WHO Director-General Margaret Chan has noted that “efforts to prevent non-communicable diseases go against the business interests of powerful economic operators”.1 Selling processed food and drink, alcohol, and tobacco is big business and demand is booming, especially in low-income and middle-income countries...

Cancer Toll Grows In LMICs As New Cases Increase Globally

New Global Burden of Disease study urges increased prevention efforts and vigilance in early detection and treatment. The Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration has published online a new study in the journal JAMA Oncol...

Alcohol Use Linked To Increased Skin Cancer Risk

The study adds melanoma to the list of cancers associated with alcohol. Alcohol intake was associated with a modest increase in the risk of melanoma, particularly in UV-protected sites. These findings further support American Cancer Society Guidelines for Cancer Prevention to limit alcohol intake...

Analyzed: Alcohol’s Links To Cancer, Cardioprotection

Misclassification of former and occasional drinkers as abstainers is widespread in alcohol epidemiology. This practice leads to a systematic underestimation of health risks from alcohol use (e.g. for cancer) and overestimation of health benefits...

Alcohol Is An Obstacle To Sustainable Development

The inclusion of a focus on alcohol consumption within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) illustrates the increased diversity of the new global development agenda. Recognition of alcohol as a development issue reflects its multiple social and economic impacts as well as the 3·3 million annual deaths, or 5·9% of all global deaths, that result from its consumption. SDG 3.5 aims to “strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol”...

What The InBev Merger Means For Health In Africa

The merger between the world's two largest beer producers—AB InBev and SABMiller—has potentially far-reaching consequences for health in Africa. The deal, announced in November 2015 and agreed by the European Commission on 24th May, will result in this new conglomerate having a dominant position in the global beer market...

Information Technology And Lifestyle

Information technology and lifestyle: a systematic evaluation of Internet and mobile interventions for improving diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco, and alcohol use Novel interventions are needed to improve lifestyle and prevent NCDs, the leading cause of death and disability globally. This study aimed to systematically review, synthesize, and grade scientific evidence on the effectiveness of novel... Read more »

Opioid And Heroin Use Among Adolescents Doing Sports

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid and Heroin Use Among Adolescents Who Engage in Sports and Exercise Daily participation in sports and exercise may serve as a protective factor with respect to NPOU and heroin use...

Alcohol Consumption As A Cause Of Cancer

There is strong evidence that alcohol causes cancer at seven sites in the body and probably others. Current estimates suggest that alcohol-attributable cancers at these sites make up 5.8% of all cancer deaths worldwide. Confirmation of specific biological mechanisms by which alcohol increases the incidence of each type of cancer is not required to infer that alcohol is a cause...

Effective Parenting Interventions To Reduce Youth Substance Use

This review suggests that relatively low-intensity group parenting interventions are effective at reducing or preventing adolescent substance use and that protection may persist for multiple years. There is a need for additional evidence in clinical and other community settings using an expanded set of delivery methods...

China-India Mental Health Alliance Series

China and India, which together contain 37% of the world’s population, are both undergoing rapid social change. Therefore understanding the burden attributed to mental, neurological, and substance use disorders within these two countries is essential...

Comparison Of Big Tobacco And Big Alcohol

This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue. Despite some important differences, the extensive similarities which exist between the tobacco and alcohol industries in terms of market structure and strategy, and political strategy, call into question the rationale for both the relatively weak regulatory approach taken towards alcohol, and the continued participation of alcohol corporations in policy-making processes...

Reassessing Policy Paradigms: Comparison Of Global Tobacco, Alcohol Industries

In contrast to tobacco, alcohol is subject to less stringent forms of regulation, and the alcohol industry continues to play a central role in policy-making in many countries and at the global level. This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue...

Liver Cirrhosis Mortality In 187 Countries Between 1980 And 2010

Liver cirrhosis is a significant cause of global health burden, with more than one million deaths in 2010. The study identifies areas with high and/or rapidly increasing mortality where preventive measures to control and reduce liver cirrhosis risk factors should be urgently strengthened...

Manufacturing Epidemics: Role Of Global Producers In Increased Consumption Of Unhealthy Commodities

The rate of increase in consumption of “unhealthy commodities” is fastest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with little or no further growth expected in high-income countries (HICs). Multinational companies have now achieved a level of penetration of food markets in middle-income countries similar to what they have achieved in HICs. Higher intake of unhealthy foods correlates strongly with higher tobacco and alcohol sales, suggesting a set of common tactics by industries producing unhealthy commodities...