Topic: Research

REPORT: Neurobiological and Cognitive Profile of Young Binge Alcohol Users

Using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Evidence Profile, the certainty in outcomes ranged from very low to low. Future prospective longitudinal studies should address concomitant factors, exposure thresholds, and age-related vulnerabilities of binge alcohol use, as well as the degree of recovery following discontinuation of use…

REPORT: A Digital Intervention Addressing Alcohol Use Problems

Clinically significant reductions in alcohol use were found, as well as reduced alcohol risk (AUDIT–C) and days out of role. Importantly, improved alcohol-related outcomes were found for both hazardous or harmful and probably dependent alcohol users…

NEWS: Europe: Alcohol Among Top Preventable Killers

Alcohol related diseases caused 79,000 preventable deaths in Europe in 2016, according to statistics by eurostat. Eurostat reports, in the European Union (EU), about 1.7 million persons aged less than 75 died in 2016. Among them, around 1.2 million deaths could be considered as premature according to the recently developed Eurostat-OECD list of avoidable mortality…

REPORT: Intimate Partner Violence and Material Hardship Among Urban Mothers

The study found that women who experienced Intimate Partner Violence are substantially more likely to experience material hardship, even after controlling for a comprehensive set of static and time-varying characteristics, including material hardship at the prior wave and individual fixed effects…

REPORT: Alcohol and Drugs Involved in eScooter Accidents

eScooter-related trauma has significantly increased over time. Alcohol and illicit substance use among these patients was common, and helmet use was extremely rare. Significant injuries including intracranial hemorrhage and fractures requiring operative intervention were present in over half (51%) of patients. Interventions aimed at increasing helmet use and discouraging eScooter operation while intoxicated are necessary to reduce the burden of eScooter-related trauma…

REPORT: Psychosocial Correlates of Self-Reported HIV Among Youth in the Slums of Kampala

Youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda have a high prevalence of HIV. These youth are in dire need of interventions which address both alcohol use behaviors and sexual risk behaviors to reduce further complications of their existing health conditions, including HIV…

NEWS: Denmark: Alcohol Use Rising Among Youth

The trend of declining alcohol consumption in Denmark has gone into reverse with consumption rising among youth, according to a recent survey.
According to newest data, not only, four out of five 15-year-olds have already tried consuming alcohol, but one out of ten 11-year-olds and one out of three 13-year-olds have tried it as well.
Another poll by TV2 has found, one out of five people in Denmark think it is okay for young people to consume alcohol before they are 16 years old…

REPORT: Trajectories of Alcohol Use Problems based on Early Adolescent Alcohol Use

This analysis identifies three groups of adolescent alcohol users with differing patterns of use. Emergent binge alcohol users likely require public policy responses to alcohol use whereas increasing heavy alcohol users are potentially able to be identified individually on the basis of patterns of alcohol use and social variables. This group may benefit from psychosocial interventions and are unlikely to respond to a broad public health approach…

NEWS: Alcohol Education Critical Part of Effective Mental Health Program

Alcohol and other drug education emerges as one of three key components in an effective adolescent mental health program. Results from a meta-analysis published in Pediatrics demonstrated the efficacy of universally delivered interventions in improving adolescent mental health and reducing risk behavior…