Science Feed

This page is a hub for the latest scientific reports, articles and publications allowing you to keep track of the most recent developments and brand new findings concerning alcohol harm, alcohol policy and the tactics of the alcohol industry.

Scroll down to find highly relevant, latest research.

 


11Aug2019
Trajectories of Alcohol Use Problems based on Early Adolescent Alcohol Use

This analysis identifies three groups of adolescent alcohol users with differing patterns of use. Emergent binge alcohol users likely require public policy responses to alcohol use whereas increasing heavy alcohol users are potentially able to be identified individually on the basis of patterns of alcohol use and social variables. This group may benefit from psychosocial interventions and are unlikely to respond to a broad public health approach...

8Aug2019
Young Women’s Narratives on Sex in the Context of Heavy Alcohol Use

With this article the researchers point to how young women's ability to negotiate the meaning of their sexual experiences as well as that of sexual consent more generally, are interlinked with prevalent gender norms that play out in the context of friendships. The young women in this study narrated friends as more central to negotiations of sexual boundaries than sexual partners when in a context of heavy alcohol use...

3Aug2019
Recovery from Opioid Problems in the US Population

An estimated 1.2 million American adults report resolving an opioid problem. Given the service use outcomes and longer-term problem resolution of mid-recovery OPI, early-recovery OPI may require encouragement to utilize additional or more intensive services to achieve longer-term recovery. OPI beyond recovery-year 1 may need enhanced support to address deficient self-esteem and promote well-being...

2Aug2019
Adolescent Mental Health Program Components and Behavior Risk Reduction

Universally delivered interventions can improve adolescent mental health and reduce risk behavior. Of 7 components with consistent signals of effectiveness, 3 had significant effects over multiple outcomes (interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education). Three program components emerged as consistently effective across different outcomes, providing a basis for developing future multioutcome intervention programs...

1Aug2019
Food and Alcohol Reduce Activity in “Hunger Neurons”

University of Pennsylvania team went on to show that stimulation of “hunger neurons” in the brain robustly drives food intake, but has no effect on alcohol intake. In the future, these findings will be useful for determining the different mechanisms through which food and drugs impact neural activity and motivation for different rewards, providing insight into the underpinnings of obesity and substance abuse...

25Jul2019
Lessons from the Digital Frontline

Overweight and obesity is the leading preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking. It is linked to a number of health conditions, including 13 different types of cancer, causing over 22,000 cancer incidences annually (approx. 6% of all cancer cases). Reducing obesity levels therefore must be a key priority in improving public health and protecting future generations. This report investigates how digital marketing for HFSS food and drink is regulated in the UK and examines alternative methods of regulating online marketing. Based upon this evidence, the researchers have produced a best practice checklist for government and regulators...

24Jul2019
Digital Marketing and Impact on Children

Overweight and obesity is the second leading cause of cancer in the UK after smoking. Overweight and obesity causes different types of cancer and over 22,000 cancer cases each year in the UK. It is estimated that each year, obesity costs the NHS in England £6.1 bn and the wider UK economy £27 bn...

23Jul2019
Genetic Changes Resulting from Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

These data suggest that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) significantly elevates DNA methylation of POMC and PER2and increases levels of stress hormones. Furthermore, these results suggest the possibility that measuring DNA methylation levels of PER2 and POMC in biological samples from pregnant women or from children may be useful for identification of a woman or a child with PAE.

23Jul2019
Ontario, Canada: Alcohol Fuels Increasing Emergency Department Visits

Although men and lower-income individuals have the highest burden of emergency department visits attributable to alcohol use, the largest increases in visits have been in women and younger adults. Further research should focus on potential causes of these trends to provide guidance on how to reduce alcohol-related harms...

20Jul2019
Big Sugar and Neglect by Global Health Community Fuel Oral Health Crisis

Oral diseases present a major global public health burden, affecting 3.5 billion people worldwide, yet oral health has been largely ignored by the global health community, according to a new Lancet Series on Oral Health. Oral conditions share common risk factors with other non-communicable diseases, which include free sugar consumption, tobacco use, and harmful alcohol consumption, as well as the wider social and commercial determinants of health. The burden of oral diseases is on course to rise as more people are exposed to the underlying risk factors of oral diseases, including sugar, tobacco and alcohol. Dental care systems should focus more on promoting and maintaining oral health and achieving greater oral health equity. Sugar, alcohol, and tobacco consumption, and their underlying social and commercial determinants, are common risk factors shared with a range of other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Coherent and comprehensive regulation and legislation are needed to tackle these shared risk factors...

19Jul2019
UK: Adolescent Awareness on Alcohol Labelling

Most young alcohol users, including almost half of higher-risk alcohol users, did not recall seeing any information, health messages or warnings on alcohol packaging in the past month, suggesting that current labelling is failing to reach this key audience...

15Jul2019
Identifying a Human Rights–Based Approach to Obesity for States and Civil Society

International human rights law was an important catalyst for civil society movements that helped to overcome inertia and generate political will for State action in response to HIV and AIDS. Drawing on the HIV experience, the authors propose a conceptual model for a human rights–based response to obesity founded on the twin pillars of State obligations and civil society engagement...

12Jul2019
Evidence is Sweet

The man most likely to be the UK’s next prime minister has called for a review of what he calls “stealth sin taxes”. Boris Johnson says he is concerned about their disproportionate effect on poor people. He also wants to base the UK’s tax policy “on clear evidence.” If so, all of us who want to improve the public’s health can rest easy: the accumulating evidence in favour of such taxes is becoming hard to counter...

12Jul2019
Cost-Effectiveness of a Combined Classroom Curriculum and Parental Intervention

STAMPP was relatively low cost and reduced heavy episodic alcohol use. STAMPP was not associated with any clear public sector cost savings, but neither did it increase them or lead to any cost-shifting within the public sector categories. Further research is required to establish if the cost-effectiveness of STAMPP is sustained in the long term...

10Jul2019
Unhealthy Sport Sponsorship at the 2017 AFL Grand Final

The 2017 AFL Grand Final broadcast featured a high frequency and extensive duration of unhealthy marketing, especially for unhealthy food and sugary drink brands. Findings strengthen evidence supporting calls to increase regulation of sport sponsorship by unhealthy brands...

9Jul2019
Change in Alcohol Consumption and Quality of Life

The change in mental well-being was more favourable in female quitters, approaching the level of mental well-being of lifetime abstainers within 4 years of quitting in both Chinese and American populations...

4Jul2019
Working Memory Modulates Attentional Capture by Reward-Related Stimuli

The results highlight the role of executive-control processes in modulating distraction by reward-related stimuli. The study's findings have implications for understanding the neurocognitive processes involved in real-life conditions in which reward-related stimuli may influence behavior, such as addiction...

3Jul2019
Prevalence Of Alcohol Conditions In UK Hospital Patients

The prevalence of alcohol‐related conditions is often reported as higher in hospital in‐patients compared with the general population. However, formal prevalence estimates are commonly derived from small studies which report highly varied results. This systematic review and meta‐analysis, within the UK hospital system, aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of the 26 ICD‐10 conditions that are wholly attributable to alcohol in in‐patient settings. The results show a heavy burden of alcohol on the health system in the UK: An estimated one in five patients in the UK hospital system use alcohol hazardously, and one in 10 are alcohol‐dependent...

1Jul2019
Alcohol’s Harms to Others than the Alcohol User in the United States

Secondhand effects of alcohol in the United States are substantial and affected by sociodemographics, the harmed individual’s own alcohol use, and the presence of a heavy alcohol user in the household. Broad-based and targeted public health measures that consider AHTO risk factors are needed to reduce alcohol’s secondhand harms...

29Jun2019
Natural Environments and Craving: The Mediating Role of Negative Affect

Access to gardens/allotments and residential views incorporating more than 25% green space were both associated with reductions in the strength and frequency of cravings. These associations were mediated, to varying degrees, by reductions in negative affect. This novel link could have implications for public health and environmental protection programmes...

28Jun2019
Alcohol Complicates Multimorbidity in Older Adults

Authors Duncan Stewart, senior lecturer in addictive behaviours and public health,  and Jim McCambridge, professor of addictive behaviours and public health, write on complications to multimorbidity due to alcohol in the editorial. They state attention to alcohol should be integral to routine care...

21Jun2019
Effect of Alcohol on the Sense of Agency in Healthy Humans

The findings might have implications for social and legal responsibility related to alcohol use, particularly in states prior to overt intoxication. Further studies are necessary to investigate the effects of alcohol and other addictive substances on the Sense of Agency (SoA)...

18Jun2019
Analysis of Tobacco and Alcohol Audio-Visual Content: UK

The study coded 5219 intervals from 112 episodes. Tobacco content appeared in 110 (2%) intervals in 20 (18%) episodes, and alcohol in 2212 (42%) intervals and in all episodes. The programmes delivered approximately 214 million tobacco gross impressions to the UK population, including 47.37 million to children; and for alcohol, 4.9 billion and 580 million respectively. Tobacco, and especially alcohol, content is common in reality TV. The popularity of these programmes with young people, and consequent exposure to tobacco and alcohol imagery, represents a potentially major driver of smoking and alcohol consumption...

18Jun2019
Addressing Alcohol Consumption as a Modifiable Risk Factor for Breast Cancer

Levels of alcohol health literacy and numeracy were low. Adding prevention interventions to screening and/or symptomatic clinics appears acceptable to attendees, highlighting the potential for using these opportunities as ‘teachable moments’. However, there are substantial cultural and systemic challenges to overcome if this is to be implemented successfully...

14Jun2019
Alcohol Use in Pregnancy and Miscarriage

This review provides evidence that alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with a dose‐mediated increase in miscarriage risk. Future studies evaluating change in alcohol use in pregnancy are needed to provide insight into how alcohol consumption prior to pregnancy recognition impacts risk...

12Jun2019
Relationship between Parental Attitudes and Children’s Alcohol Use

Less restrictive parental attitudes towards children's alcohol use are associated with increases in children's alcohol use onset, alcohol use frequency and intoxication. Children's perception of less restrictive parental attitudes is associated with children's alcohol use...

12Jun2019
Binge Alcohol Use and Prescription Opioid Misuse in the U.S.

More than half of the 4.2 million people who misused prescription opioids during 2012–2014 were binge alcohol users, and binge alcohol users had nearly twice the odds of misusing prescription opioids, compared with abstainers. Widespread use of evidence-based strategies for preventing binge alcohol use might reduce opioid misuse and overdoses involving alcohol...

11Jun2019
Tanzania: High-density of Alcohol Outlets and Advertising Affect Youth Alcohol Consumption

Findings revealed a high density of alcohol-selling outlets and outdoor advertisements. The abundance of alcohol-related cues, including their close proximity to places where youth congregate, may facilitate and increase adolescent alcohol use in Tanzania. Participants recommended several changes to the alcohol environment to reduce adolescent alcohol use. Structural interventions that reduce adolescents' access and exposure to alcohol are needed in Tanzania...

7Jun2019
Australia: The Effects of Alcohol Pricing Policies

While examining the heterogeneous effects of price policy across population subgroups, this study will provide the first comprehensive estimates of the likely impacts of alcohol price changes on health inequalities. The study will also provide sophisticated economic analyses of the impact of price policy changes...

7Jun2019
Exposing the Philip Morris-funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World

Overall, these findings suggest that as it reaches its second anniversary, the Foundation might be failing. It is seemingly struggling both to recruit independent researchers and to spend its resources on much other than public relations. In line with public rejections from Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, no further funders have materialised. Furthermore, several key staff members left the Foundation in its first 21 months of operation...

6Jun2019
New Zealand: Economic Harm of Employee Alcohol Use

The estimated annual average cost of lost productivity per employee was NZ$1097.71 (NZ$209.62 absenteeism, NZ$888.09 presenteeism) and NZ$134.62 per employer. At a population level this equates to approximately NZ$1.65 billion per year. The significant predictors of reduced workplace performance were being younger (less than 25 years), male, having a stressful job and consuming more than the recommended standard number of alcoholic drinks per session. Considering absenteeism costs alone will substantially underestimate the total productivity loss associated with alcohol use. Designing and effectively targeting a set of multifaceted policies to engineer change at both the workplace and societal levels will assist in reducing the costs of lost productivity to due alcohol...

5Jun2019
One in Three Medics Use Alcohol to Self-Medicate

Occupational distress and job factors increase the odds of doctors using substances, according to researchers from Birkbeck College and University College London, with alcohol frequently cited as one of those most used. Published in the British Medical Journal, the study aimed to assess the prevalence of health problems (including insomnia, binge eating, substance use and ill health) among UK doctors and to investigate whether occupational distress increases the risk of health problems...

1Jun2019
Social Media Marketing Leads to More Alcohol Consumption

Australian youths exposed to frequent alcohol marketing on social networking sites such as Facebook, YouTube and Twitter consume 13% to 40% more alcohol compared to their peers not exposed to such messages. The study showed that increased engagement with alcohol-related content on social networking sites increased consumption of alcohol between 2.6 to 4.5 standard alcohol units...

31May2019
Comparing Alcohol Taxation throughout the European Union

Different European Union countries enact very different alcohol taxation policies, despite a partially restrictive legal framework. There is only limited evidence that alcohol duties are designed to minimize public health harms by ensuring that drinks containing more alcohol are taxed at higher rates. Instead, tax rates appear to reflect national alcohol production and consumption patterns...

31May2019
Alcohol Taxation in the European Union

Different European Union countries enact very different alcohol taxation policies, despite a partially restrictive legal framework. There is only limited evidence that alcohol duties are designed to minimize public health harms by ensuring that alcoholic beverages containing more alcohol are taxed at higher rates. Instead, tax rates appear to reflect national alcohol production and consumption patterns...

29May2019
Mindsets of Addiction: Implications for Treatment Intentions

The goal of the current work is to contribute to the critical dialogue regarding consequences of different communications about the nature of addiction by offering a new theoretical approach. The current work finds support for an innovative theoretical approach for understanding motivation to seek treatment among individuals with probable substance use problems...

27May2019
Neurobiological Consequences of Adolescent Cannabis Use

About one in five Canadian adolescents (19% of Canadians aged 15-19) uses cannabis. Its recent legalization across the country warrants investigation into the consequence of this use on the developing brain. Adolescence is associated with the maturation of cognitive functions, such as working memory, decision-making, impulsivity control and motivation, and the research presented suggests cannabis could have long-lasting effects on these...

23May2019
Social Identity and Alcohol Use

Results indicated consistent support for the number of network members present as a predictor of the number of drinks consumed per drinking day, regardless of member characteristics. Only important others who were not alcohol users and romantic partners failed to demonstrate unique positive associations with units of alcohol per alcohol using day...

22May2019
Approaching and Exceeding Thresholds of “Too Much” Alcohol

These groups differed significantly in awareness of alcohol’s effects, agency and self-perceptions, but not on alcohol consumption. Exceeding their threshold was an entirely negative embodied experience for all. These findings illustrate that people are guided by experientially grounded conceptions of consumption. Interventions could target different groups of drinker according to their embodied experience during the approach to ‘too much’ alcohol...

22May2019
Alcohol Excess – Time for New Measures?

Author Helen Salisbury explores the question "when industries make money from selling products that cause harm, can we expect them to contribute meaningfully to improving public health?", following two articles published in BMJ. The author questions the the ubiquity of alcohol in our social culture. Specially considering the harmful effects alcohol is known to cause...

21May2019
Use of Economic Evidence in Support of Policy for Funding NCD Interventions

Spending on NCD action must be done through domestic funding as well as through catalytic investments and innovative financing options such as the proposed NCD and Mental Health Catalytic Trust Fund are crucial in meeting the current needs. Health authorities can use economics to communicate challenges and solutions in a manner that resonates with other sectors...

17May2019
Youth Engagement in Global Health

Achieving the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will not be possible without the meaningful engagement of young people. This commentary explores how the power of youth engagement can be effectively amplified to address the most pressing and interconnected challenges in global health...

16May2019
Big Tobacco, the New Politics, and the Threat to Public Health

With several Tory leadership contenders sympathetic to its ideology, the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) is closer to power than it has been for decades. In an exclusive investigation, Jonathan Gornall reveals how the organisation is funded by British American Tobacco and has links with senior conservative ministers...

14May2019
The Australian Drug Harms Ranking Study

The results of this study make an important contribution to the emerging international picture of drug harms. They highlight the persistent and pervasive harms caused by alcohol. Policy implications and recommendations are discussed. Policies to reduce harm from alcohol and methamphetamine should be a priority...

13May2019
How Should We Talk about Alcohol and Risk?

The clarity and accuracy of public health messaging on alcohol lags behind that for tobacco and other drugs. The analysis by Hydes and colleagues offers a novel way of communicating the risks of alcohol consumption to the public. By comparing drinking with smoking, they leverage the hard-won successes of anti-tobacco campaigners in creating a deep public awareness of the links between cigarettes and cancer...

10May2019
Alcohol-Related Harm to Others in England

This exploratory study, using data collected through the Alcohol Toolkit Survey, shows that alcohol-related harm to others (AHTO) affects 20.1% of the population of England. Even apparently minor harms, like being kept awake, can have a negative impact on health, while aggressive harms are clearly of concern. Using a standard methodology to measure harm across studies would be advantageous. Policies that focus on alcohol must take into consideration the impact of alcohol use on those other than the user...

8May2019
Study Recommends Ban or Regulation of Cheap Alcopops that Pose High Risk especially for Youth

According to a new study led by George Mason University's College of Health and Human Services (CHHS), it suggested that Four Loko is among the cheapest ready-to-consume alcoholic beverages available in the United States. Because of the connection between lower-alcohol prices and higher consumption and related harms, particularly among youth, this situation is a public health concern. According to the researchers, it is urgently essential that the high alcohol-by-volume (abv) in these products be reduced, they are banned altogether, or their price is increased, so that young people can't obtain a lethal dose of sugar-sweetened alcohol for $10...

8May2019
Prevalence of Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Adults in USA

Overall US clinical burden of Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains unclear, perhaps because of lack of a definitive standard for identifying ALD. This study focused on the specific, more well-defined subset of alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) to estimate national prevalence among US adults.

8May2019
Increases in Alcohol Use Will Lead to Increased Harms

The WHO Global Monitoring Framework for Non-Communicable Diseases includes an ambitious global target of a 10% reduction in the harmful use of alcohol by 2025. A modelling study by Jakob Manthey and colleagues in The Lancet indicates that this goal will not be met...

7May2019
Global Alcohol Exposure Between 1990 – 2017 And Forecasts Until 2030

Between 1990 and 2017, global adult per-capita consumption increased from 5·9 L to 6·5 L, and is forecasted to reach 7·6 L by 2030. Globally, the prevalence of lifetime abstinence decreased from 46% in 1990 to 43% in 2017, while the prevalence of current alcohol use increased from 45% in 1990 to 47% in 2017. The researchers forecast both trends to continue, with abstinence decreasing to 40% by 2030 and the proportion of current alcohol users increasing to 50% by 2030. Based on these data, global goals for reducing the harmful use of alcohol are unlikely to be achieved, and known effective and cost-effective policy measures should be implemented to reduce alcohol exposure...

2May2019
Designing Alcohol Intoxication

The paper argues that youth-oriented alcohol serving venues may be conceived as staged atmospheres of consumption where individuals are seduced and compelled into purchasing alcohol...

1May2019
The Role of Peer Alcohol Consumption on College Students’ Alcohol Use

The study's findings underscore the importance of genetic predisposition on individual alcohol use and support the potentially causal nature of the association between peer influence and alcohol use. According to the researchers of the study both how much alcohol friends are perceived to be having and how much roommates report using alcohol affect how much alcohol a college student will use over time...

1May2019
The Use of Excise Taxes to Reduce Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverage Consumption

A large and growing body of research documents that taxes specific to such products, known as excise taxes, reduce consumption of these products and thereby diminish their adverse health consequences. This study reviews the global evidence on the impact of taxes and prices on the consumption of these products and the health and social consequences...

30Apr2019
Impact of Exchange Stay on Students’ Alcohol Consumption

During their exchange stay, individuals studying abroad showed more heavy and hazardous alcohol consumption behaviors than local students. These results constitute the first large‐scale longitudinal confirmation that exchange stays indeed constitute risky contexts in which students significantly increase their consumption and present stronger alcohol‐related problems. In view of the rapid and deleterious effects of alcohol consumption in young people, it is essential to promote prevention campaigns targeting this population to limit public health consequences and possible evolution toward severe alcohol use disorders...

30Apr2019
Reasons for Concern: PHE’s Partnerships with Gambling and Alcohol Industry-Funded Charities

Disease prevention cannot solely be the role of the health system, but instead requires engagement from all of government with a Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach. Public Health England (PHE) has “operational autonomy” from government, so that it can provide “…government, local government, the NHS, Parliament, industry and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific expertise and support”. In health and healthcare, the need to address conflicts of interest is well documented, and while many challenges remain, structures have evolved in an attempt to manage them. The fact that PHE has decided to partner with industry-funded bodies suggests that if indeed such processes exist, they aren’t transparent, and they aren’t effective...

30Apr2019
Alcohol Advertising in Sports Fueling the Alcohol Norm

The researchers believe as sports fans are repeatedly exposed to alcohol advertising and sponsorship when watching sport, this likely has a long-term effect on their alcohol use. Researchers call for better understanding of such long-term effects and addressing them to curb the alcohol harm. Specially in the view of the vast number of children exposed to alcohol marketing through sports programmes...

29Apr2019
Health System Modelling: Towards Whole-Health-System Perspective

The study describes priority health system modelling research areas to conduct economic evaluation of HSS interventions and ultimately identify good value for money investments in HSS. Health system modelling (HSM) research should model the complex dynamics of health systems and ultimately guide a novel economic evaluation framework for analysing HSS interventions...

27Apr2019
Consumption of Alcohol Beverages and Binge Alcohol Use Among Pregnant Women

About 1 in 9 pregnant women reported consuming alcohol in the past 30 days.About one third of pregnant women who reported consuming alcohol engaged in binge alcohol use.Pregnant women who reported binge alcohol use in the past 30 days reported an average of 4.5 binge-alcohol use episodes during that same time period.Efforts to expand implementation of community-level interventions and universal alcohol screening and brief counseling might decrease the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy...

25Apr2019
Public Health Surveillance Studies of Alcohol Industry Market and Political Strategies

Political strategies are driven largely by business interests, whether at the company, sectoral, or industry level, and corporate social responsibility activities may be integrated within overall strategies. There is a high degree of collaboration in political strategy development between companies, facilitated by growing concentration among global producers operating in increasingly oligopolistic markets...

25Apr2019
Conflict-of-Interest Policies in Addiction Science

Focusing on three letters sent to the editor on conflict-of-interest (COI) policies in addiction research several important questions are answered. These are: who needs to declare a COI, what needs to be declared, how do financial-support acknowledgements differ from COIs and who needs to know. The fields of alcohol, tobacco, gambling, and drug research have been found to be especially vulnerable to influences from financial COIs...

10Apr2019
Do Alcohol Control Policies Work?

This overview of systematic reviews provides a comprehensive summary of the last decade of synthesis research into alcohol control policies and interventions. With few exceptions, the quality of systematic reviews of alcohol control research is characterised by inadequate meth- odology and both reporting and review conduct fail to meet acceptable PRISMA standards. The overview indicates that evidence remains uncertain for many interventions but is possibly beneficial for the following control measures: 1) community mobilization; 2) multicomponent interventions delivered in the alcohol use environment; 3) restricting alcohol advertising; 4) restricting on- and off-premise outlet density; 5) police patrols and ignition locks to reduce driving under the influence; and 6) increased price and taxation including minimum unit pricing...

6Apr2019
Swedish Alcohol Brands Compliance with Regulations in Social Media

Regulating alcohol advertising in online milieus can be very difficult because of the complex mixture between quickly evolving techniques and the diverse nature of communication messages targeting consumers. Many countries, including Sweden, are now focusing on how to enforce effective policies. This short report strives to shed some light on the scope and content of commercial messages on Swedish social media platforms...

5Apr2019
Unite for a Framework Convention for Alcohol Control

In the 2012 UN Political Declaration, when describing the main contributors to the four most prominent non-communicable diseases, the term harmful use is only used to describe alcohol use. Such a term implies that alcohol use can be safe and beneficial...

4Apr2019
Alcohol Use Disorder: Brain Damage May Progress Despite Sobriety

Using a translational DTI approach, comparable white matter alterations were found in patients with AUD and rats with long-term alcohol consumption. In humans and rats, a progression of DTI alterations into early abstinence (2-6 weeks) suggests an underlying process that evolves soon after cessation of alcohol use.In conclusion, alcohol-induced brain damage does not stop when alcohol use ends. Instead, the harmful effects of alcohol may continue during abstinence...

4Apr2019
Alcohol in Family and other Violence

This study found that alcohol is frequently involved in family and domestic violence incidents, particularly intimate partner violence. Alcohol use was associated with a higher chance of physical violence and of injury at intimate partner violence incidents...

3Apr2019
Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Cerebral Connectivity and Cognition

Through a comparison study of teenage subjects exposed to alcohol prenatally with healthy control subjects, the study established that the inter-hemispheric connectivity is deficient for the former, which may lead to disruption in the cortical inter-hemispheric connectivity and deficits in higher order cognitive functions as measured by an IQ test, for example. The study provides quantitative evidence that the disruption is correlated with cognitive deficits. These findings could lead to a novel, highly sensitive biomarker for FASD and support a recommendation of no safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy...

3Apr2019
Moving Beyond Tobacco Exceptionalism

Tobacco is recognized for the distinct harm it causes to health. Tobacco industry is seen as needing a specific model of governance because of the conflict between the tobacco industry interests and public health policy. This has given way to specific tobacco control regulation known as tobacco exceptionalism. Similarities between tobacco and alcohol industries indicate its time to move beyond tobacco exceptionalism and apply similar policy measures to control alcohol...

2Apr2019
Alcohol and Parenthood in Australia

For most women in their twenties and thirties, parenting a child <1 year of age was associated with reduced alcohol consumption. However, this protective effect diminished after 12 months with alcohol consumption levels close to pre-parenthood levels after five years. There was little change in male alcohol use with the transition to parenthood...

1Apr2019
Report: Addressing NCDs in Adolescence

The Economist Intelligence Unit released a report on addressing Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in the adolescent population. The report looks at challenges targeting NCD prevention among the adolescent population, by looking at the disease burden within the 10-24 age group, as well as the main risk factors and impact of environmental dynamics...

29Mar2019
Comparing Cancer Risks Between Alcohol and Tobacco

One bottle of wine per week is associated with an increased absolute lifetime risk of alcohol-related cancers in women, driven by breast cancer, equivalent to the increased absolute cancer risk associated with ten cigarettes per week. These findings can help communicate that moderate levels of drinking are an important public health risk for women. The risks for men, equivalent to five cigarettes per week, are also of note...

25Mar2019
Glyphosate Found in Beer and Wine

Findings suggest that it is very difficult to produce beer or wine without glyphosate contamination, even for organic producers. Due to glyphosate’s many health risks and its ubiquitous nature in our food, water, and alcohol, the use of glyphosate in the U.S. should be banned unless and until it can be proven safe...

22Mar2019
Declining Alcohol Consumption Among Adolescents

The results showed that there was an almost 45% decline in total alcohol consumption among ninth-grade students in Stockholm between 2010 and 2016. The decline was similar among all analysed consumption groups. Two factors were found to statistically explain some of the general decline: More restrictive parental attitudes towards alcohol and more importantly, decreasing alcohol consumption among the students’ peers. School constitutes a social context for the student of which both parents and peers are important parts, and the diverging changes may be due to the norms and behaviours, influenced by parents and peers, characterising these schools...

20Mar2019
Germany: Quantifying Harms to Others due to Alcohol Consumption

This study’s estimates indicate there is a substantial degree of health harm to third parties caused by alcohol in Germany. While more research on harms to others caused by alcohol is needed to provide comprehensive estimates, the results indicate a need for effective prevention...

15Mar2019
Links Between Alcohol Marketing and Alcohol Consumption in Youth

Young people, above and below the legal purchasing age, are aware of a range of alcohol marketing and almost one in five own alcohol branded merchandise. In current alcohol users, alcohol marketing awareness was associated with increased consumption and greater likelihood of higher-risk consumption. In never used alcohol group, ownership of branded merchandise was associated with susceptibility...

14Mar2019
Alcohol Marketing Awareness Increases Alcohol Use

Young people, above and below the legal purchasing age, are aware of a range of alcohol marketing and almost one in five own alcohol branded merchandise. In current alcohol users, alcohol marketing awareness was associated with increased consumption and greater likelihood of higher-risk consumption. In never alcohol users, ownership of branded merchandise was associated with susceptibility...

14Mar2019
Assessing Campus Alcohol Policies

Campus Alcohol Policies (CAPs) are an important element in reducing negative consequences of alcohol consumption on college campuses. A higher level of research scrutiny is warranted to understand the extent to which CAPs are associated with excessive alcohol use, but this research describes an evidence‐ and expert‐informed assessment approach that colleges can use to regularly analyze and update their CAPS...

13Mar2019
Analyzing Alcohol Industry CSR Organizations

There are concerns about the accuracy of the health information provided by alcohol industry (AI)-funded organisations and about their independence. Industry-funded bodies were significantly less likely to tweet about alcohol marketing, advertising and sponsorship; alcohol pricing; and physical health harms, including cancers, heart disease and pregnancy. They were significantly more likely to tweet about behavioural aspects of drinking and less likely to mention cancer risk. The evidence does not support claims by these alcohol-industry-funded bodies about their independence from industry...

13Mar2019
Alcohol Use in Adolescence Increases Anxiety Risk

The data suggest that eRNA regulation via epigenetic reprogramming in the amygdala, particularly at the Arcsynaptic activity response element site, contributes to adult anxiety after adolescent alcohol exposure...

11Mar2019
Alcohol Marketing on Social Media Sites in Finland and Sweden

By comparing the samples from 2014 and 2017, this study shows that alcohol producers in Finland and Sweden have invested in alcohol marketing on social media and have become more successful in engaging consumers. Restrictions on social media in Finland have not affected manufacturers' ability to engage consumers in this arena. The regulation of social media marketing through national legislation is difficult, as social media service providers operate globally, and the platforms they provide are constantly developed to optimize user experience and are difficult to monitor. Alcohol producers are also becoming more skillful in utilizing these platforms for marketing purposes. Future research needs to address the long-term impact of the legislation as well as new forms of social media marketing...

8Mar2019
Adolescent Alcohol Use in the Nordic Countries

Parents play a role in the trend for reduced alcohol use among adolescents in Nordic countries. Parents have become more restrictive in terms of alcohol use. Reduced availability is also a significant factor contributing to this trend. Many factors such as economic, social, political and parental control will affect the future alcohol use of these generations of adolescents and whether future generations will continue this decreasing trend in alcohol use...  

2Mar2019
Shyness, Alcohol Use Disorders and ‘Hangxiety

This study suggests anxiety during hangover is linked to Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) symptoms in highly-shy individuals, providing a potential marker for increased AUD risk, which could inform prevention and treatment...

28Feb2019
The Corporate Permeation Index – Studying Determinants of NCDs

The CPI appears to be a robust measure of corporate permeation at the national level, suggesting tremendous variability in permeation worldwide. In the future, the CPI may be used to explain variations in alcohol consumption and provide alternative explanations to the arguments that differences in alcohol consumption across countries are attributable to culture...

27Feb2019
Impact of Alcohol Restriction on Hospital and Emergency Service

The total restriction of selling high strength alcohol through a community driven process has shown to be effective in reducing alcohol-related health service utilization in post-intervention period. Continue monitoring is required to address new emerging issues...

26Feb2019
WHO Bulletin: Alcohol Advertising in Sport Events

In NCDs prevention, an emphasis is often placed on lifestyles and personal responsibility for addressing risk factors. This approach ignores the limited control that many people have over their circumstances and their exposure to the marketing activities of transnational corporations. Professional sport represents a profitable global entertainment industry. Multinational corporations use the visibility and widespread appeal of sports to promote their brands and products to mass audiences. Yet, public health professionals rarely discuss the nature of this influence in professional sport and the methods by which global corporations use sporting events, leagues and clubs to sell products harmful to health. Sponsors for these sports include the beer company Anheuser-Busch InBev and the whiskey company Jack Daniel’s. The researchers suggest that policy-makers who wish to reverse the NCDs burden should consider how sport has been used to promote products that harm health and whether regulation may be required to control this marketing...

26Feb2019
A Review of Recent Alcohol Policy Developments in Europe

The implementation of WHO strategy at national level in Europe is highly dependent on the local political circumstances. Where there is concern about alcohol harm and political will, the WHO strategic priorities have been highly influential. In order to build public and political support for prevention, alcohol policy advocates should ensure that there is good data on trends within age, gender, and income groups and develop policies to respond to these trends. The concept of proportionate universalism, where interventions are understood to have a broad population effect but the effect is greater on the groups most in need, may be more useful than the traditional alcohol policy field conceptualizations of whole population and targeted measures...

20Feb2019
Framework to Measure Social Inequity in Health

The Health Equity Measurement Framework highlights intervention areas to be influenced by strategic public policy for any organisation whose purview has an effect on health, including helping non-health sectors (such as education and labour) to better understand how their policies influence population health and perceive their role in health equity promotion. The Health Equity Measurement Framework recognises the complexity surrounding the social determinants of health and provides a clear, overarching direction for empirical work on health equity...

16Feb2019
The Strategies of Big Alcohol: Downplaying the Risk of Cancer

SAPROs provide inaccurate information, or accurate information with many confounders and misleading language to undermine cancer risk. The analysis of cancer information disseminated by alcohol industry SAPROs, and the analysis of its accuracy and framing, is not only a professional necessity for public health experts, but is also essential, given the potential impact of such information on the public... 

14Feb2019
Alcohol and Breast Cancer Risk in Middle-Aged Women

Participants’ description of strategies used to reduce their own consumption lead us to suggest that campaigns might focus on the more salient and immediate effects of alcohol (e.g. on physical appearance and mental health) rather than longer-term consequences....

12Feb2019
New Insights into Alcohol Effects from NIH Study of Brain Patterns

rPWR and rCST are informative metrics for characterizing brain pathology and alternative energy use, and may provide new multimodal biomarkers of neuropsychiatric disorders.The study found both acute and chronic exposure to alcohol affected power (rPWR) and cost (rCST) of brain regions. In conclusion, despite widespread decreases in glucose metabolism in heavy alcohol users compared to light alcohol users, heavy alcohol use shifts the brain toward less efficient energetic states...

6Feb2019
Analysis Of Suicide Mortality Between 1990 And 2016

Although the decrease in suicide mortality has been substantial during the period 1990 to 2016, if current trends continue, only 3% of 118 countries will attain the Sustainable Development Goals target to reduce suicide mortality by one third between 2015 and 2030...

19Jan2019
Prevention Is Role Of Governments, Not Health Systems

The editor in chief of the British Medical Journal discusses the role of governments in fostering prevention, in response to the recently published prevention srategy of the British government and its holes and shortcomings...

16Jan2019
Young People and Alcohol Abstention

After analysing the data, six key ways were found in which participants managed the potential stigma and isolation of being a young person who does not drink: (1) selecting the right response and crowd; (2) taking the focus away from alcohol; (3) having a group or scene of abstainers; (4) being active and having fun; (5) understanding abstaining as an individual choice and control; and (6) moralising alcohol consumption.

15Jan2019
Australian-First Study Sheds More Light On Factors Influencing Youth Alcohol Use

The study, How do alcohol control policies influence Australian adolescent drinking trends?, is the first Australian study to examine the relative influence of multiple alcohol policies, television alcohol advertising, retail alcohol outlet density and the proportion of alcohol-related articles in daily newspapers, on the alcohol use behaviour of adolescents...

11Jan2019
Even Moderate Alcohol Use Is Risk Factor For Atrial Fibrillation

Researchers showed that regular moderate alcohol use results in more electrical evidence of scarring and impairments in electrical signaling compared with non-alcohol users and light alcohol users. AF is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating of the atria (the two upper chambers of the heart). Observational studies suggest that even moderate regular alcohol consumption may increase the risk of AF. A meta-analysis of seven studies involving nearly 860,000 patients and approximately 12,500 individuals with AF demonstrated an 8% increase in incident AF for each additional daily standard alcoholic drink...

10Jan2019
Hidden Power Of Corporations

The hidden power of corporations Editorial The growing literature on what are termed “the commercial determinants of health” pays particular attention to the hidden and invisible forms of power, whereby large corporations use various methods to shape thinking about what are appropriate responses to the health consequences of their products. In the accompanying article, Susan... Read more »

9Jan2019
Norway: Alcohol Industry Lobbyists Use Science To Advance Own Interests

Alcohol industry actors employed a range of strategies to shape the use of the various types of evidence on on-premise trading hours and violence to advance their own interests. The particular strategies and arguments changed over time as new data and research became available, and also varied between the national and the local levels and by categories of industry actors. There is a need to better understand how the handling of different forms of evidence is accommodated within the political strategies of a range of industry actors in respect of particular policy issues and forms of evidence, at different levels of policy making and in varying policy contexts...

1Jan2019
Annual Total Binge Alcohol Use in USA

U.S. adult binge alcohol users consume about 17.5 billion total binge alcohol units annually, or about 470 binge alcohol units/binge alcohol user. Monitoring total binge alcohol can help characterize disparities in binge alcohol use and help plan and evaluate effective prevention strategies...

29Dec2018
“Buddhist Lent Dry Campaign” Has Significant Effect On Abstinence Levels

The study's findings showed that the availability of the community intervention had a significant effect on alcohol abstinence not only during Buddhist Lent, but also 3 months after the end of Buddhist Lent. Furthermore, the intervention was very effective among alcohol users who took an abstinence pledge...

27Dec2018
Gaps In Thai Alcohol Policy Regarding Big Alcohol’s Commercial Strategies

Despite the strict alcohol policy, gaps in the marketing regulations exist. Future policy development should place greater emphasis on alcohol sponsorship and branding through evidenced‐based interventions. The interactions between the government and the industry should be monitored and restricted. Rigorous regulations, as seen for tobacco, are encouraged for alcohol marketing...

11Dec2018
Increase Alcohol Taxes Most Cost-Effective Way To Tackle Obesity

Alcohol is high in kilojoules, with a pint of beer almost on par with a chocolate bar in terms of energy content. That means that even relatively small levels of alcohol consumption can have a big impact on daily energy intake. Increasing the price of alcohol is the most value for money policy option to prevent obesity in Australia. By preventing obesity-related diseases, this policy would save about A$4.8 billion in health-care costs...

5Dec2018
High-Risk Alcohol Use Common In South Africa

Rates of heavy alcohol intake were higher than expected giving impetus to various alcohol policy reforms under consideration in South Africa. Better labeling of the alcohol content of different containers is needed together with limiting production, marketing and serving of alcohol in large containers...

16Nov2018
Kenyan Case Study: Unrecorded Alcohol In East Africa

In this paper, the researchers examine the scope and harm associated with unrecorded alcohol in Kenya, and discuss current policies and interventions aimed at reducing production and consumption of unrecorded alcohol in the Kenyan context that reflect its culture, politics, environment and resources...

25Oct2018
Is Big Alcohol Doing Well By ‘Doing Good’?

The industry actions were conducted disproportionately in regions with high-income countries (Europe and North America), with lower proportions in Latin America, Africa and Asia. Only 27% conformed to recommended WHO target areas for global action to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. The overwhelming majority (96.8%) of industry actions lacked scientific support and 11.0% had the potential for doing harm. Alcohol industry CSR activities are unlikely to reduce harmful alcohol use but they do provide commercial strategic advantage while at the same time appearing to have a public health purpose...

8Sep2018
Unpacking Policy Formulation and Industry Influence

This research (1) contributes to building an integrated body of knowledge on policy formulation in low- and middle-income countries; (2) shows that achieving policy coherence across government departments poses a major challenge to achieving effective health policy formulation and (3) shows that networks of actors with commercial and financial interests use diverse strategies to influence policy formulation processes to avoid regulation...

6Sep2018
Understanding Alcohol as an Element of ‘Care Practices’

Overall the data suggests that interventions targeting women’s alcohol consumption should start from a position that women are relational. Moreover that when care by others is lacking or unavailable, alcohol can increasingly be introduced into care practices, and the reproduction of these practices may be leading to an increase in heavy alcohol use. By seeing alcohol use in the context of wider familial and non-familial relationships, this work has important implications for future interventions...

23Aug2018
Alcohol Use, Burden, Policy: Systematic Analysis For Global Burden Of Disease Study 2016

The total attributable burden of alcohol use was larger than previous evidence has indicated and increases monotonically with consumption. Based on weighted relative risk curves for each health outcome associated with alcohol use, the level of consumption that minimises health loss due to alcohol use is zero. These findings strongly suggest that alcohol control policies should aim to reduce total population-level consumption. To potentially reduce the effects of alcohol use on future health loss, there is a need for countries to revisit their alcohol control policies and assess how they can be modified to further lower population-level consumption...

22Aug2018
Setting Consumption Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption Guidelines

Most high‐income nations issue guidelines on low‐risk drinking to inform individuals’ decisions about alcohol consumption. However, leading scientists have criticized the processes for setting the consumption thresholds within these guidelines for a lack of objectivity and transparency. This paper examines how guideline developers should respond to such criticisms and focuses particularly on the balance between epidemiological evidence, expert judgement and pragmatic considerations. Although concerned primarily with alcohol, our discussion is also relevant to those developing guidelines for other health‐related behaviours...

29Jun2018
The How: Message For UN High-Level Meeting On NCDs

This September's UN General Assembly high-level meeting (HLM) on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) provides a strategic opportunity to propel the response—from “where do we want to be” to “how do we get there”...

29May2018
Sugar, Tobacco, And Alcohol Taxes To Achieve The SDGs

More than a decade after the adoption of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, there is compelling evidence that raising tobacco prices substantially through taxation is the single most effective way to reduce tobacco use and save lives. Similarly, alcohol taxation is a cost-effective way to reduce alcohol consumption and harm. STAX not only contribute to improving health and saving lives,but they can also raise resources...

3Apr2018
Prevalence of Comorbid Personality Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder

The authors concluded that their review demonstrates a very high lifetime prevalence of AUD among people with a PD. They estimate that, approximately three quarters of people with antisocial PD and about half of those with borderline PD will experience an AUD at some point in the life course...

23Feb2018
Impact Of Minimum Unit Pricing And Taxation Policies In Wales

The full report, presents the full range of outcomes across the range of MUP policies. The report also presents the findings regarding the proportional increases in alcohol duty required to achieve the same reduction in alcohol consumption, and the same reduction in alcohol-attributable deaths in hazardous and harmful alcohol users as a 50p MUP...

19Feb2018
Evaluation Of Research On WHO ‘Best Buys’ NCDs Interventions

The researchers found studies on only 11 of the 24 interventions aligned with the WHO ‘best buys’ from LLMIC settings. Most LLMICs have not conducted research on these interventions in their populations.LLMICs are increasingly being targeted by alcohol companies, and aggressive marketing strategies have been reported in Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda. Effective alcohol harm reduction polices are urgently needed in these settings, including policies that target informally retailed products.LLMICs should take action to implement and evaluate ‘best buys’ in their national context, based on national priorities, and starting with interventions with the strongest evidence base...

7Feb2018
Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in US

Estimated prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders among first-graders in 4 US communities ranged from 1.1% to 5.0% using a conservative approach. These findings may represent more accurate US prevalence estimates than previous studies but may not be generalizable to all communities...

26Jan2018
Alcohol Harm in Older People: Opportunities and Barriers for Interventions

To be effective, societal approaches need to take into account contexts of risks for alcohol use. The evidence supports a strong social role for consuming alcohol which should be taken into account in any policy development with the potential benefits of social participation for cognitive health. Approaches to reducing alcohol use in older people need to avoid paradoxical harm, with a need for approaches that reduce harm from using alcohol but retain the benefit of socializing...

15Jan2018
Commercial Influence In NCDs Control

There was also evidence of softening of language towards industry. Taxation of sugar sweetened beverages and alcohol were included as possible options in the draft version but dropped from the final version (only tobacco taxation remained)...

13Jan2018
Understanding The International Alcohol Control Study

The design of the International Alcohol Control (IAC) study is modelled on the International Tobacco Control study and aims to assess the impact of alcohol policies in different cultural and socio-economic contexts on policy-related behaviours (e.g. purchasing behaviour including time of purchase, price paid; social supply, alcohol marketing, driving under the influence of alcohol) and alcohol consumption...

12Jan2018
Significant Decline In Australian Teen Substance Use

A new study finds a significant decline in teen substance use, including alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. A mix of tighter laws and education programs targeted at schools and parents had contributed to this very positive development...

6Jan2018
Alcohol Environment Protocol: New Tool For Alcohol Policy

In countries with fewer resources, alcohol policies are less effective because of lack of implementation and enforcement and, in the case of marketing, lack of regulation. This has implications for the increase in consumption taking place as a result of the expanding distribution and marketing of commercial alcohol and consequent increases in alcohol-related harm...

9Dec2017
The Contribution of Alcohol to the Life Expectancy Gap in Europe

Alcohol contributed substantially to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe, and to its increase (1990–2005) and decline (2005 onward). Diminishing alcohol consumption in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries to Western European levels can contribute to mortality convergence across Europe...

1Dec2017
UNAIDS: Addressing A Blind Spot In The Response To HIV

On December 1, World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has released a new report that warns men are less likely to take an HIV test, less likely to access antiretroviral therapy and more likely to die of AIDS-related illnesses than women. The new report shows the blind spot in reaching men with HIV services...

11Nov2017
OECD Health At A Glance 2017

While smoking rates continue to decline, there has been little success in tackling obesity and alcohol harm, and air pollution is often neglected...

8Nov2017
Alcohol And Cancer: Statement Of American Society Of Clinical Oncology

The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), which represents many of the country’s leading cancer doctors, is highlighting the ties between alcohol and cancer and the important role evidence-based alcohol policy measures play in preventing and reducing alcohol-related cancer risk...

17Oct2017
The Use of Complexity Arguments by Alcohol and Other Health Harmful Industries 

The researchers analysed alcohol, food, soda and gambling industry documents and websites and minutes of reports of relevant health select committees, using standard document analysis methods. The arguments and language may reflect the existence of a cross-industry ‘playbook’, whose use results in the undermining of effective public health policies – in particular the undermining of effective regulation of profitable industry activities that are harmful to the public’s health...

14Sep2017
Managing Alcohol Use Disorder In Primary Health Care

Despite the global burden of disease due to alcohol and the evidence that this can be reduced by screening and brief advice programmes delivered in primary health care, such programmes remain poorly implemented. Were such programmes widely implemented, there would be substantial health and productivity gains...

8Sep2017
Can Public Health Reconcile Profits And Pandemics?

Public health’s terms of engagement with unhealthy commodity industries (alcohol, tobacco and ultra-processed food and drinks) have become increasingly contested in policy and research. The researchers sought to identify approaches that could attract consensus support within and across policy domains...

8Sep2017
How Big Alcohol Misleads Public About Alcohol And Cancer

The alcohol industry appears to be engaged in the extensive misrepresentation of evidence about the alcohol-related risk of cancer. These activities have parallels with those of the tobacco industry. This finding is important because the industry is involved in developing alcohol policy in many countries, and in disseminating health information to the public, including schoolchildren. Policymakers, academics, public health and other practitioners should reconsider the appropriateness of their relationships to these alcohol industry bodies...

1Sep2017
Government Role In Cancer Prevention

When discussing healthy habits, phrases such as individual choice or personal responsibility are often a focus. Tobacco, alcohol, and food manufacturers use marketing to promote use of their products and create an environment of consumption. This Series paper gives examples of many agencies and departments of governments that use advertising, social marketing, education, regulation, and law to create an environment more conducive to people making healthy choices and adopting healthy habits...

28Aug2017
Exercise In The Treatment Of Alcohol Use Disorders

Physical exercise is widely regarded as “medicine” for the prevention and treatment of myriad somatic health conditions. Studies also demonstrate that exercise is effective in the treatment of common mental disorders and has a role in the treatment of serious mental illness...

25Aug2017
Maternal Substance Use During Pregnancy And Offspring Conduct Problems

The researchers' meta-analyses support an association between smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy, and offspring conduct problems, yet do not resolve causality issues given potential confounding by genetic factors, gene-environment interactions, and comorbidity such as with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders...

22Aug2017
Suicide Among Women Who Give Birth To Children With FASD

Women who give birth to children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may be at increased risk for suicide; however, there are few data in this area. The objective of this study was to compare rates of suicide between women who had given birth to children with FASD and women who had not given birth to children with FASD during critical periods in their lives, including before pregnancy, during pregnancy, during the postpartum period (maternal death) and until the end of the study period...

21Aug2017
Preventing NCDs With Integrated, Life-Cycle Approach In Maternal And Child Health Services

Maternal and child health service programmes across the reproductive health life-cycle are strongly positioned to play an important role in NCD prevention given early life influences on NCD risks and outcomes. Many non-health sectors can impact NCD risk, and the SDG’s emphasis on multisectorality supports the consideration of NCD risk reduction in many different sectoral programmes...

19Aug2017
Linkages Between Initiation Of Alcohol Use And Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents

The Researchers examined associations between timing of first alcohol use and first sexual intercourse in adolescent males and potential differences in observed associations between males and females. Results highlight age at first alcohol use as an important predictor of sexual onset in male as well as female adolescents and suggest that effective prevention efforts focusing on delay of sexual intercourse might also focus on delay on alcohol use...

18Aug2017
New Tool: Social Determinants Of Health Visualization

The Social Determinants of Health visualization tool allows you to explore the relationships between determinants of health and health indicators across countries, for instance alcohol use disorders, DALYs and lagged distributed income...

16Aug2017
Concurrent Mental And Substance Use Disorders In Canada

The findings suggest that the complexity of concurrent disorders contributes to poorer psychological health outcomes and higher health service use, compared with having only a mood/anxiety disorder or a substance use disorder...

14Aug2017
Is Alcohol Consumption Contagious?

The contagion effect regarding alcohol use behavior calls for a focus on environmental prevention efforts. By decreasing the public acceptance of (adolescent) alcohol use, the average proportion of problematic adolescent alcohol users in European countries may be reduced...

10Aug2017
Shocking Alcohol Use Disorders Increases In United States

Substantial increases in alcohol use, high-risk alcohol intake, and DSM-IV alcohol use disorder constitute a public health crisis and portend increases in chronic disease comorbidities in the United States, especially among women, older adults, racial/ethnic minorities, and the socioeconomically disadvantaged...

7Aug2017
South Korea: Biking Under Alcohol Influence

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of BUI and the associated risk factors in a representative Korean population. In conclusion, the prevalence of BUI was 12.1% and several associated risk factors for BUI were elucidated in this study. The development of specific preventive strategies and educational programs aimed at deterring individuals at a high risk of engaging in BUI is expected to reduce the number of alcohol-related bicycle injuries...

2Aug2017
Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences And Health

To have multiple ACEs is a major risk factor for many health conditions. The outcomes most strongly associated with multiple ACEs represent ACE risks for the next generation (eg, violence, mental illness, and substance use). To sustain improvements in public health requires a shift in focus to include prevention of ACEs, resilience building, and ACE-informed service provision. The Sustainable Development Goals provide a global platform to reduce ACEs and their life-course effect on health...

26Jul2017
Policy Coherence To Achieve The SDGs

Coherently addressing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals requires planning tools that guide policy makers. Given the integrative nature of the SDGs, we believe that integrative modelling techniques are especially useful for this purpose. Research on the attainment of multiple SDGs is growing, but without structured systems understanding there is a risk of repeating the silo approach seen in the implementation of the millennium development goals...

24Jul2017
Hepatologists Analyze Financial Case For Tackling Liver Disease

Through this paper, the Foundation for Liver Research seeks to make the financial case for public health action in these areas and urges the implementation of targeted measures recommended by the independent Lancet Commission on Liver Disease. This paper summarises the escalating financial costs to the health and care system as well as the wider societal costs related to the three lifestyle-related risk factors...

18Jul2017
Every Woman Every Child Progress Report: Progress In Partnership

The first Progress Report on the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, “Progress in Partnership,” was launched on Tuesday, 18 July, in the margins of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF)...

13Jul2017
Regular Pub Binge Alcohol Users Are More Likely To Be Violent

People who admit to regularly binge using alcohol at the pub are more prone to have acted violently in the past 12 months, according to the new research. The findings raise questions about what strategies can be used to reduce alcohol-related violence and suggest promise for measures to modify alcohol pricing and taxation as well as restrictions on pub licenses...

10Jul2017
5 Typologies Of Alcohol, Other Drug Prevention Programs

Adolescents exhibit a high rate of use of alcohol and illicit drugs. Effect studies rarely describe the actual content of the interventions in detail. Less is known about what was actually done in the prevention than about their effects. Only four studies that employed any form of targeting or profiling of the subjects prior to the delivery of the prevention intervention or initiative were identified. The skewness towards primary prevention skill-training approaches should be addressed, given the diverse consumption patterns among adolescents...

20Jun2017
Reframing NCDs As Socially Transmitted Conditions

In a Comment (February, 2017), the researchers argued that action on the conditions currently referred to as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) may be hampered by the inadequacy of their label. The researchers received a remarkable amount of feedback on this suggestion, and in this Comment they synthesise the responses garnered from a Lancet Facebook poll, Correspondence letters, and a related GHD Online discussion. The researchers also propose a new definition based on shared social drivers...

20Jun2017
Innovative Financing Instruments For Global Health

Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. The researchers examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs) - financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds - to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015...

16Jun2017
Healthy People And Healthy Profits? Elaborating Conceptual Framework For Governing Commercial Determinants Of NCDs

The problems inherent in primary prevention of NCDs have received relatively little attention from international organizations, national governments and civil society; governing determinants of risk frequently brings public health into conflict with the interests of profit-driven food, beverage, alcohol and tobacco industries. In this paper, the researchers argue that mechanisms to control the commercial determinants of NCDs are inadequate and efforts at remedial action too limited. The paper sets out an agenda to strengthen each of the three governance models. The researchers identify reforms that will be needed to the global health architecture to govern NCD risks, including to strengthen its ability to consolidate the collective power of diverse stakeholders, its authority to develop and enforce clear measures to address risks, as well as establish monitoring and rights-based accountability systems across all actors to drive measurable, equitable and sustainable progress in reducing the global burden of NCDs...

15Jun2017
Alcohol Advertising And Public Health: Systems Perspectives Versus Narrow Perspectives

The marketing and advertising of alcoholic products contributes to an ‘alcogenic environment’ and is a modifiable influence on alcohol consumption and harm. Advertising aims to influence not just consumption, but also to influence awareness, attitudes and social norms; this is because advertising is a system-level intervention with multiple objectives. The researchers conclude that an unintended consequence of narrow, linear framings of complex system-level issues is that they can produce misleading answers. Systems problems require systems perspectives...

1Jun2017
Alcohol Misuse and Self-Harm: Opportunity For Early Intervention

Both alcohol-related and self-harm-related hospital presentations place substantial demands on frontline clinical services. Every year, in England, there are over 200.000 emergency department attendances after self-harm, and over 1 million alcohol-related hospital admissions.

27May2017
Student Friendships Influence Alcohol Consumption

Freshmen might spend alcohol consumption time with peers who reciprocate a friendship, but are similar regarding the quantity of alcohol consumed to all people they find interesting. Thus, alcohol consumption is used strategically for social purposes. This social purpose should also be acknowledged in alcohol-reduction interventions...

10May2017
Socioeconomic Status Affects Alcohol Harm

Low socioeconomic status was associated consistently with strikingly raised alcohol-attributable harms, including after adjustment for weekly consumption, binge alcohol use, BMI, and smoking...

4Apr2017
Social Support Influences On Substance Abuse Outcomes

Social support variables predicted substance abuse outcomes for persons with low and moderate psychiatric severity. However, they were the strongest and most consistent predictors for the low severity group...

23Mar2017
Implementation Of Key FCTC Measures And Smoking Prevalence In 126 Countries

Implementation of key WHO FCTC demand-reduction measures is significantly associated with lower smoking prevalence, with anticipated future reductions in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. These findings validate the call for strong implementation of the WHO FCTC in the WHO’s Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases 2013–2020, and in advancing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 3, setting a global target of reducing tobacco use and premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by a third by 2030...

23Mar2017
The WHO FCTC, Tobacco Control Policies And Reduction In Smoking Prevalence

Given the public health significance of tobacco use and the potential of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the world's first global health treaty, to diminish its toll, it is important to understand the treaty's impacts and to learn how to accelerate adoption of effective policy interventions...

21Mar2017
Designing Alcohol Taxes: Evidence From The UK Market

This column argues that variation in preferences for different products and in price responsiveness across heavy and light alcohol users provides scope to improve welfare by varying tax rates across alcohol products. The proposed framework is well suited to addressing other sources of external costs, such as obesity...

21Mar2017
Assessment Effects On Alcohol Use By Persons With HIV In Rural Uganda

The researchers found no evidence of assessment reactivity in a study that included quarterly study visits. Assessment is not sufficient to act as an intervention itself in this population with high levels alcohol consumption. Interventions are needed to decrease alcohol consumption in this population...

21Mar2017
Review Of State Laws Restricting Local Authority To Impose Alcohol Taxes

The number and severity of restrictions on local authority to tax alcohol vary across states. Previous research has shown that increases in alcohol taxes can lead to reduced excessive alcohol consumption, which provides public health and economic benefits. Taxes can also provide funds to support local prevention and treatment services. Local alcohol taxes therefore present an important policy opportunity, both in states that restrict local authority and in states where local authority exists but is underused...

21Mar2017
Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks And Risk Of Injury

There is significant need for further examination of the role of AmED use in the risk of injury. A better understanding of the relationship between AmED use and injury and of the potential underlying mechanisms is crucial for informing effective preventive intervention strategies. This review can be used to inform the public and health practitioners of the risks associated with AmED use. Further, translating this knowledge to policy makers could inform regulations on the availability of AmED, with the goal of reducing injury-related outcomes...

21Mar2017
Alcohol Industry Sponsorship Of University Student Sports Clubs In Brazil

Most university student sports clubs in São Paulo, Brazil, have formalized contracts with the alcohol industry that promote the marketing, sale, and consumption of alcohol at parties and university games. A critical review of the impacts of these practices and university policies on alcohol industry sponsorship that can take account of the role of such arrangements in student alcohol consumption is warranted...

21Mar2017
Harms To Children Because Of Others’ Alcohol Use

Family-level alcohol use patterns were consistently identified as correlates of harm to children because of others’ alcohol consumption, whereas sociodemographic factors showed few obvious correlations...

27Feb2017
Binge Alcohol Use Among Young Brazilians And Alcohol Promotion

Among the general population, binge alcohol use is associated with higher occurrences of sexual abuse, suicide attempts, unprotected sex, unwanted pregnancy, acute myocardial infarction, alcohol overdose, falls, gastritis and pancreatitis...

24Feb2017
25‐Year Alcohol Consumption Trajectories And Their Association With Arterial Aging

This work demonstrates that consistently heavy alcohol consumption is associated with higher cardiovascular risk, especially among males, and also provides new insights into the potential impact of changes in alcohol intake levels over time. It discusses the additional insights possible when capturing longitudinal consumption patterns in lieu of reliance on recent intake...

15Feb2017
The Next Pandemic? NCDs In Developing Countries

The evidence shows that, in absolute terms, this burden increased by nearly 30% between 2000 and 2015 and impacts people at a younger age than in wealthier countries, exacerbating social and economic costs. Cardiovascular disease is the main contributor to the increase...

13Feb2017
Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care

Local Innovation In Substance Abuse Care - Alcohol and drug problems among young people – Substitution treatment – Alcohol problems in somatic care...

11Feb2017
Big Alcohol Looks To Boost Sales In Africa

Alcohol manufacturers are setting their sights on the growing African market to increase sales of their products, often using aggressive advertising tactics to lure new consumers. Chris McCall reports for The Lancet...

31Jan2017
Prevention And Intervention For FASD In Poland

Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Poland Abstract The aims of this study are to analyze previous activities undertaken in Poland in the field of prevention and intervention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and to identify the main directions of development of this issue for the future. The conducted review of studies, positions, and... Read more »

30Jan2017
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Case Study

This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual’s history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary...

26Jan2017
Big Alcohol Lobbying Against Marketing Regulations Analyzed

In this study the researchers used thematic analysis to examine submissions from the Australian alcohol industry, based on a system previously developed in relation to tobacco industry corporate political activity. The results show that submissions were a direct lobbying tactic, making claims to government that were contrary to the evidence-base...

19Jan2017
Binge Alcohol Use May Quickly Damage Liver

Alcohol consumed during just seven weeks of intermittent binge consumption harms the liver in ways that more moderate daily alcohol use does not, according to researchers at UC San Francisco...

15Jan2017
Health In India 2017

Two randomised controlled trials from Goa, India, in today's Lancet assess brief psychological treatment delivered by lay counsellors in primary care for depression (the Healthy Activity Program; HAP) and for harmful alcohol use (Counselling for Alcohol Problems; CAP). Although WHO recommends psychological interventions for mental health disorders, evidence comes largely from high-income countries. These trials from the Program for Effective Mental health Interventions in Under-resourced health systeMs (PREMIUM), show feasibility, outcomes, and cost in a developing country...

13Jan2017
Current State Of Evidence: Health Effects Of Cannabis

This report provides a research agenda—outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issues—that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs...

13Jan2017
Global Toll Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis...

10Jan2017
The Regulation of Alcohol Marketing: From Research to Public Health Policy

Key findings from the collection of peer-reviewed manuscripts include: 1) Exposure to alcohol marketing is associated with youth alcohol consumption 2) Analysis of alcohol promotion during the 2014 FIFA World Cup indicates alcohol marketing practices frequently appeared to breach industry voluntary codes of practice’ 3) Alcohol industry self-regulatory codes do not sufficiently protect children and adolescents from exposure to alcohol promotions, especially through social media. The Addiction supplement comprises 14 papers, with research presented from around the world...

2Jan2017
Alcohol And Heart Disease

Understanding the relationship between alcohol abuse, a common and theoretically modifiable condition, and the most common cause of death in the world, cardiovascular disease, may inform potential prevention strategies...

21Dec2016
Healing Physicians

Lisa J. Merlo writes of “conspiracy of silence” among physicians that keep those suffering from addiction hidden - which leads worsening the disease and inhibits physicians in recovery from sharing their stories...

14Dec2016
US: Death Rate From Alcohol Disorders Nearly Triples Since 1980

Novel study examines mortality in over 3,100 US counties, revealing substantial geographic differences among many causes of death. The death rate from alcohol, other drugs, and mental disorders nearly triples since 1980More than 2,000 US counties witnessed increases of 200% or more in the death rates related to use of harmful substances and mental disorders since 1980...

9Dec2016
Youth Alcohol Use Alters Brain Development

New study shows, alcohol use alters brain development in adolescents Adolescents are in the period of transition where changes in physical, intellectual, personality and social development are seen. During this stage of development, consuming alcohol in large quantities alters the development of the brain in adolescents...

6Dec2016
The Commercial Determinants Of Health

WHO Director-General Margaret Chan has noted that “efforts to prevent non-communicable diseases go against the business interests of powerful economic operators”.1 Selling processed food and drink, alcohol, and tobacco is big business and demand is booming, especially in low-income and middle-income countries...

4Dec2016
Cancer Toll Grows In LMICs As New Cases Increase Globally

New Global Burden of Disease study urges increased prevention efforts and vigilance in early detection and treatment. The Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration has published online a new study in the journal JAMA Oncol...

2Dec2016
Alcohol Use Linked To Increased Skin Cancer Risk

The study adds melanoma to the list of cancers associated with alcohol. Alcohol intake was associated with a modest increase in the risk of melanoma, particularly in UV-protected sites. These findings further support American Cancer Society Guidelines for Cancer Prevention to limit alcohol intake...

28Nov2016
Analyzed: Alcohol’s Links To Cancer, Cardioprotection

Misclassification of former and occasional drinkers as abstainers is widespread in alcohol epidemiology. This practice leads to a systematic underestimation of health risks from alcohol use (e.g. for cancer) and overestimation of health benefits...

25Sep2016
Alcohol Is An Obstacle To Sustainable Development

The inclusion of a focus on alcohol consumption within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) illustrates the increased diversity of the new global development agenda. Recognition of alcohol as a development issue reflects its multiple social and economic impacts as well as the 3·3 million annual deaths, or 5·9% of all global deaths, that result from its consumption. SDG 3.5 aims to “strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol”...

22Sep2016
What The InBev Merger Means For Health In Africa

The merger between the world's two largest beer producers—AB InBev and SABMiller—has potentially far-reaching consequences for health in Africa. The deal, announced in November 2015 and agreed by the European Commission on 24th May, will result in this new conglomerate having a dominant position in the global beer market...

31Aug2016
Information Technology And Lifestyle

Information technology and lifestyle: a systematic evaluation of Internet and mobile interventions for improving diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco, and alcohol use Novel interventions are needed to improve lifestyle and prevent NCDs, the leading cause of death and disability globally. This study aimed to systematically review, synthesize, and grade scientific evidence on the effectiveness of novel... Read more »

3Aug2016
Opioid And Heroin Use Among Adolescents Doing Sports

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid and Heroin Use Among Adolescents Who Engage in Sports and Exercise Daily participation in sports and exercise may serve as a protective factor with respect to NPOU and heroin use...

22Jul2016
Alcohol Consumption As A Cause Of Cancer

There is strong evidence that alcohol causes cancer at seven sites in the body and probably others. Current estimates suggest that alcohol-attributable cancers at these sites make up 5.8% of all cancer deaths worldwide. Confirmation of specific biological mechanisms by which alcohol increases the incidence of each type of cancer is not required to infer that alcohol is a cause...

18Jul2016
The Effect of Paternal Addiction on Adolescent Suicide Attempts

The findings suggest that in addition to the need to consider paternal addiction in health care plans, it is also necessary to pay attention to other family members, including the adolescents themselves. Health care providers, including nurses, can use the findings from this study for the purposes of prevention and education...

4Jul2016
Effective Parenting Interventions To Reduce Youth Substance Use

This review suggests that relatively low-intensity group parenting interventions are effective at reducing or preventing adolescent substance use and that protection may persist for multiple years. There is a need for additional evidence in clinical and other community settings using an expanded set of delivery methods...

10Jun2016
Effects of Alcohol Marketing and Media Portrayals on Consumption and Cognition

Viewing alcohol advertisements (but not alcohol portrayals) may increase immediate alcohol consumption by small amounts, equivalent to between 0.39 and 2.67 alcohol units for males and between 0.25 and 1.69 units for females. The generalizability of this finding beyond students and to other marketing channels remains to be established...

18May2016
China-India Mental Health Alliance Series

China and India, which together contain 37% of the world’s population, are both undergoing rapid social change. Therefore understanding the burden attributed to mental, neurological, and substance use disorders within these two countries is essential...

22Mar2016
Comparison Of Big Tobacco And Big Alcohol

This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue. Despite some important differences, the extensive similarities which exist between the tobacco and alcohol industries in terms of market structure and strategy, and political strategy, call into question the rationale for both the relatively weak regulatory approach taken towards alcohol, and the continued participation of alcohol corporations in policy-making processes...

22Mar2016
Reassessing Policy Paradigms: Comparison Of Global Tobacco, Alcohol Industries

In contrast to tobacco, alcohol is subject to less stringent forms of regulation, and the alcohol industry continues to play a central role in policy-making in many countries and at the global level. This article examines whether there is a sufficient rationale for such different regulatory approaches, through a comparative analysis of the political economy of the tobacco and alcohol industries including the structure of the industries, and the market and political strategies they pursue...

18Feb2016
Cannabis Use and Risk of Psychiatric Disorders

Within the general population, cannabis use is associated with an increased risk for several substance use disorders. Physicians and policy makers should take these associations of cannabis use under careful consideration...

24Nov2015
Key Flaws In EU Proposals For TTIP Foreign Investor Protection

In November 2015, the European Commission released a proposed text on foreign investor protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). In this paper, the researcher outlines key flaws in this proposal, including language buried in the text that significantly undermines the EC's proposed provisions on the investment court system (ICS) and on the right to regulate...

11Feb2015
Investigating TTIP: International Trade Law, Health Systems And Public Health

Free trade agreements (FTAs) have the declared aim of seeking to increase global trade and promote economic growth. Historically, economic growth has led to improved population health. Yet this link is now weakening, and attention is being focussed on assessing the effect of FTAs on health and the ability of government to mitigate against negative impact. Within this context, this study presents an assessment of the health impact of the proposed FTA between the United States and the European Union...

10Feb2015
No Beneficial Associations Between Low Intensity Alcohol Consumption And All Cause Mortality

Beneficial associations between low intensity alcohol consumption and all cause mortality may in part be attributable to inappropriate selection of a referent group and weak adjustment for confounders. Data from up to 10 cohorts representative of the English population, suggest that previous associations indicating a protective effect between alcohol intake and all cause mortality may have been partly attributable to inappropriate selection of the referent group and weak adjustment for confounders. When compared with self reported never alcohol users, protective associations were largely limited to women alcohol consumers aged 65 years or more. Little to no protection was present in other age-sex groups...

10Feb2015
Alcohol’s Evaporating Health Benefits

For the February 2015 edition of the BMJ, Mike Daube writes an intriguing editorial about a groundbreaking new piece of research calling into question the previously believed cardioprotective properties of alcohol...

1Jan2015
Effects Of Late-Night Alcohol Sales Bans

The main finding of this paper is that the late-night off-premise alcohol sales ban is effective at significantly reducing alcohol-related hospitalizations among adolescents and young adults in the short term...

18Sep2014
Liver Cirrhosis Mortality In 187 Countries Between 1980 And 2010

Liver cirrhosis is a significant cause of global health burden, with more than one million deaths in 2010. The study identifies areas with high and/or rapidly increasing mortality where preventive measures to control and reduce liver cirrhosis risk factors should be urgently strengthened...

23Jul2013
Fifa World Cup Is Associated With Increasing Domestic Violence

Although this is a relatively small study, it has significant ramifications due to the global nature of televised football (soccer) tournaments. If replicated, it presents significant opportunities to identify and reduce incidents of domestic abuse associated with televised soccer games...

30Aug2012
Big Alcohol And Hong Kong’s Zero Wine And Beer Tax

The researchers' findings suggest that the success of aggressive industry lobbying coupled with the absence of robust public health advocacy was the main driving force behind the unparalleled abolition of wine and beer duties in Hong Kong. Strong public health alliance and advocacy movement are needed to counteract the industry’s continuing aggressive lobby and promotion of alcoholic beverages...

27Jun2012
Manufacturing Epidemics: Role Of Global Producers In Increased Consumption Of Unhealthy Commodities

The rate of increase in consumption of “unhealthy commodities” is fastest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with little or no further growth expected in high-income countries (HICs). Multinational companies have now achieved a level of penetration of food markets in middle-income countries similar to what they have achieved in HICs. Higher intake of unhealthy foods correlates strongly with higher tobacco and alcohol sales, suggesting a set of common tactics by industries producing unhealthy commodities...

3Nov2011
Alcohol and Risk of Breast Cancer

The cumulative amount of alcohol a woman consumes during adulthood is the best predictor of her breast cancer risk and that low levels of alcohol consumption (as few as 3 units of alcohol a week) are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer...

3Oct2011
Alcohol And NCDs: Epidemiology And Policy Implications

There is a strong link between alcohol and non-communicable diseases, particularly cancer, cardiovascular disease, liver disease, pancreatitis, diabetes, as well as mental disorders and these findings support calls by the World Health Organization to implement evidence-based strategies to prevent and reduce alcohol harm...

2Jul2011
Alcohol Marketing and Youth Alcohol Use: A Rejoinder to the Alcohol Industry

Recent research has found significant associations between exposure to, awareness of, and involvement with alcohol marketing, and youth alcohol consumption behaviours. For the reduction of alcohol harm in the UK, policy makers and the government needs a focus on alcohol marketing regulation as a part of a broader multi-faceted alcohol intervention strategy...

22Apr2011
Even Modest Restrictions On Opening Hours, Outlet Density Are Positive For Public Health

The policy change was found to have a significant effect on admission rates among adolescents and young adults. Depending on the age group, hospitalization rates for alcoholic intoxication fell by an estimated 25–40% as the result of restricted alcohol availability. This shows that even modest restrictions on opening hours and the density of off-premise outlets were found to be of relevance for public health in the canton of Geneva. In light of this finding, policy makers should consider such action as a promising approach to alcohol prevention...

8Jan2010
Germany: Alcopops Tax Leads to Reduction in Consumption and Substitution Effect

Results indicate a partial substitution of alcopops by spirits and a switch in preference to beverages associated with riskier alcohol consumption patterns. There is evidence that riskier alcohol consumption patterns such as higher frequency of binge alcohol consumption and earlier initiation of alcohol use are not caused by alcopop consumption but by alcohol consumption in general. The study's findings suggest that health benefits of the alcopops tax related to the reduction of total alcohol consumption were mitigated by beverage substitution. Moreover, the tax appears to have entailed negative side effects because a switch to alcoholic beverages that are associated with riskier consumption patterns occurred. Thus, effective alcohol policies to prevent alcohol-related problems among adolescents should focus upon the reduction of total alcohol consumption instead of regulating singular beverages...